Why You Should Pursue a Career in Commercial Truck Driving

Why should you pursue a career in commercial truck driving? That is a very good question. Hopefully, by the end of this article, you will have enough valuable information to answer it yourself. So, why should anyone pursue a career in commercial truck driving? Let me start by giving you some fascinating statistics about the trucking industry.

Did you know that of all the modes of shipment in the commercial transportation industry, the trucking sector dominates the field with 83.7% of the revenue? The rail industry comes in at a distant second with only 5.6% of the total revenue. The air sector is third with 3.2%, and the oceanic freight sector is barely in the running with only 1.4% of all revenue being transported by ships. As you can see, the trucking industry isn’t going away anytime soon. In fact, the trucking industry alone collects 650 billion dollars in annual revenue each year. That’s 5% of the nation’s GDP! The trucking industry also pays out 35 billion dollars in federal, state, and highway use taxes per year and will grow by 21% over the next ten years. Not many career fields can promise you such great job security without a four year college degree like the trucking industry can.

Speaking of job security, in May of 2013 there was an estimated 1.5 million heavy truck and tractor trailer drivers earning an average median salary of $38,700 a year, which calculates to roughly $18.61 an hour. In fact, the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that truck drivers who were at the lower end of the pay scale still made $25,330 a year and truck drivers who were at the high end of the pay scale made $59,620 per year. How many other jobs can boast such a wide range of salaries without a four-year or two-year college degree? Not many. So, where are more truck drivers employed than anywhere else? Texas, California, Pennsylvania, Florida, and Illinois. The state of Texas hired 157, 260 truckers in 2013 while Illinois employed an estimated 66,050 truck drivers. But, don’t think you will have to relocate to one of these five states in order to find a decent truck driving job. The entire east coast is full of states that have an average 40,210 to 157,260 working truck drivers. If you’re looking for the states with the highest concentration of truck driving jobs in the U.S. look no further. North Dakota boasts 15,310 trucking jobs with an average median salary of $47,580 while Arkansas, Nebraska, Iowa, and Wyoming follow closely. Truck drivers in Alaska have the highest median salary at $53,440, while truckers in North Dakota, Massachusetts, District of Columbia, and Wyoming make an average $47,000 a year. If you were to look at a map of the United States showing the areas where the most truck drivers are employed, you would see that truck drivers are heavily employed from Texas all the way over to Pennsylvania and Florida, and all the way up to Michigan. Califonia and the Pacific Northwest also employ many truck drivers. Which areas have the least amount of working truck drivers? The midwestern states. That is why truck drivers in these states make more per year. Here’s one more thing to consider. U.S. intracontinental truck driving jobs cannot be outsourced.

Here are some more fascinating facts about truckers. The total distance traveled by truck drivers per year is 93.5 million highway miles? To put that in perspective, that’s 256,197,260 miles per day, 2,965 milers per second, and 3.7 million times around the earth or 195,713 round trips to the moon! That’s a lot of truckin’! Of course, with all those miles it would be nice to get good gas mileage. Unfortunately, that’s not going to happen. On average, long haul trukcs can carry 300 gallons of fuel, but can only travel eight miles per gallon. That’s about 6.8 gallons of fuel an hour at 55 miles per hour. That means it would take a class 8 tractor trailer 44 hours and 347 gallons of fuel to travel from Los Angeles to New York City. Of course, with a 300 gallon fuel tank, you would only have to stop for gas one time. With all those miles to travel, one of the perks of long haul truck driving is being able to see the beauty and splendor of the United States countryside and getting paid to do so!

Now that you know just how important the trucking industry is to the U.S. economy, how much the average truck driver makes a year, and how many total miles truck drivers travel on average per year, I want to end this article with one last statistic. The value of shipped goods that the commercial trucking industry transports per year is $139,463,000,000. That’s $382,090,411 per day and $4,422 per second! That is how valuable the trucking industry and the truck drivers themselves are to the citizens of the United States. Think about this, if you will. Almost every facet of our economy is dependent upon the trucking industry, from food to fuel, medicine to machinery, cars to clothing, and construction to manufacturing, they are all delivered and dependent upon the commercial trucking industry. To put it another way, if it wasn’t for truck drivers, you wouldn’t have a bed to sleep on, soap and shampoo to clean yourself with, clothes to get dressed in, food to eat for breakfast, a toothbrush and toothpaste to brush your teeth with, a car to drive to work in, gas to fuel that car, a computer to work on, food to eat for lunch, a car to drive back home in, a refrigerator, stove and microwave to store and cook dinner with, plates and utensils and a table to eat on, chairs to sit on, and a television to watch the game on while you sit in your sofa and drink your ice cold beer that was transported by truck drivers. Of course, I left a lot of stuff out but, you get the picture. Oh, I almost forgot, you wouldn’t have a house to live in either, unless it was made out of something other than bricks, concrete, wood, metal, or stone. Remember, if you bought it, a truck brought it.

So, back to the original question. Why should you pursue a career in commercial truck driving? Well, now that you know how important the commercial trucking industry is to the U.S. economy, how good the job market is, and how much truck drivers can make without a college degree, maybe the real question you should be asking yourself is, “why shouldn’t I pursue a career in commercial truck driving?”. That’s a question that only you can answer. If you do decide that you want to pursue a career in commercial truck driving, getting the proper training is your first step. Not only is the commercial truck driving job market ripe with possibilities, the steps you have to take to enter the job market are easier than you might think. To be certified to operate a commercial motor vehicle, all you need is a commercial drivers license, adequate physical health, and the ability to operate a commercial motor vehicle. That’s it. Of course, getting your CDL is a whole different story. It takes specialized knowledge and training to pass the required tests, and that training is usually obtained at a private or company-sponsored truck driving school. Most truck driving schools will give you the CDL training you need to pass the required CDL tests and obtain your commercial drivers license within a few months.

I hope this article has helped to answer the basic questions you may have about pursuing a career in commercial truck driving.

GMC Trucks – 100 Years of Heavy-Duty Trucks

History of GMC Trucks

When it comes to trucks, GMC is known the world over for its production of a variety of trucks from service trucks and commercial vehicles to pickup trucks. It had its beginnings with a commercial hauling truck company created in 1902 by Max Grabowsky called the Rapid Motor Vehicle Company.

Seven years later, General Motors bought out Grabowsky's business because they wanted to form their own trucking company, which was called General Motors Truck Company. They added Reliance Motors to their inventory in 1911, and in 1912 GMC (General Motors Corporation) Trucks was born out of those two acquisitions.

GMC – The Early Years

GMC produced a mere 372 trucks out of the nationwide total of 22,000 trucks that first year, which pales in comparison to the millions of commercial vehicles they produce today. An interesting note though is that GMC was a forerunner in battery-powered electric model trucks and made nine different models varying from one-half to six tons capacity.

In an effort to bring up their popularity, GMC Trucks put on a public stunt in 1916 featuring one of their truck models. William Warwick drve a loaded GMC 1-1 / 2-ton truck from Seattle to New York and back, making it the very first truck to cross the entire USA in less than 32 days.

GMC During World War I

The venture may have worked, as that same year the Army went with t ton GMC trucks as part of their fleet of vehicles. In fact, WWI bought major breakthroughs for their business, as 90 percent of all its production was bought by the military from 1917 and 1919. GMC delivered 8,500 vehicles to the Army during those years.

GMC Trucks After World War I

The next few years bought more innovation in the GMC Truck production as pneumatic tires replaced solid rubber tires in 1920, and their K model trucks came out that year as well with a capacity between and and five tons. The following year electric lights replaced what had been oil lamps as standard gear on all trucks as well and seven speed transmissions became the standard for heavyweight trucks.

By 1923, GMC trucks had capacities ranged up to 10 tons if you count the trailer. Rear wheel brakes were starting to be used on some models by 1925.The company expanded by 1927 when they built a truck assembly plant in Pontiac, Michigan which was the largest truck building plant in the world then at 26 acres of property.

That same year the company bought out their T model of trucks with a t ton panel express truck and a screen side express truck and "Cannon Ball" Baker drve a T model 40 GMC tank truck full of water from the Atlantic Ocean all the way from New York to San Francisco in under six days, which set a speed record for heavy-duty trucks.

GMC continued its innovative strategies when it started providing tandem driving rear axles for their heavyweight service trucks in 1930 and the following year it was a GMC T-95 model truck that filled a refrigerated GMC trailer full of fresh produce from Los Angeles to New York, setting another record.

Between 1931 and 1940 GMC Trucks were producing more than 20 models of truck trailer chassis, 15 new models of different weight trucks, and it had added several models of heavy weight trucks to its lines.

GMC During World War II

The next war also seemed to benefit GMC as their production numbers continued to escalate with all of its trucks going to the war effort by 1942. GMC built 600,000 trucks during this time frame for the military. In fact, GMC trucks were presented the E Award for Excellence in 1944 because of its help in the war effort.

GMC After the War

The company was back to making trucks for the civil market by then, but had some issues with a six-month long strike by its workers in 1946 that briefly slowed things down. Even so, by 1950 it proudly had 75 models of trucks going through its production lines.

In 1954 GMC Trucks offered power steering for the first time on some models and in 1956 tubeless tires were standard, and they were the first to put air suspension on front and rear axles on some of their heavy weight model trucks.

GMC Trucks continues to Grow

Between the 50s and the 60s GMC grown even larger and by 1968 they were considered the third largest truck producer in the world. Once again they prospered in the war effort and produced more than 9,000 trucks for the military in 1951. They were M-135 series that had the ability to ford deep water, so being very useful for military operations.

The company again showed how GMC was first in implementing innovative features when in 1967 they produced trucks with energy absorbing steering columns, instrument panel pads and dual brake systems well before they were required by the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.

GMC Trucks Between 1970 and 2012

GMC continued its truck production over the next several decades, weathering many difficulties changes in production lines, increasing production costs, competition from foreign companies, problems with the fuel shortages in the middle 1970s and deregulation and recession issues in 1980s. The problems were so severe, that some trucking companies went out of business. The production plant in Pontiac was also torn down in late 1980s and the production was moved to Janesville, Wisconsin.

GMC's high points include placing third in the production of trucks in the US, being displaced as the official truck of the 1984 Olympics and in 1988 they stopped making heavyweight trucks, in 1990 electronic fuel injection became the norm, and by 1996 the name was shortened to just GMC, instead of GMC Trucks and they merged with Pontiac Motor Division to form Pontiac GMC Division of General Motors.

The following year all of its commercial vehicles production was moved to Flint, Michigan. Since then, GMC Trucks has continued to grow and produce award-winning trucks of all kinds with production and distribution all over the globe.

GMC Trucks will celebrate a milestone anniversary in 2012 – 100 years of truck manufacturing.

Between Standard and High: The Latest on Videos

Admit it or not, anyone with an affordable android tablet uses it to watch some videos. Whether you are watching through a streaming website like YouTube or upload your own videos from another source, you would most definitely have used your tablet to view a movie, music video, or even just a snippet of a Vine video or something posted on your Facebook wall.

But then, like much of technology, videos have also progressed much, and you have come across "HD". For those who are in the dark about HD video and are afraid to ask for fear of being laughed at, here are some answers to questions that are certainly bugging you about the topic.

What is high definition video?

This is a term we often hear nowdays. There is no clear definition of what it is but what we know is that it reflects to any video that has a higher resolution than the normal. It is usually a video that has a resolution of 720p or 1080p. Format is also usually widescreen and has a display of between 24 to 60 frames per second. This is becoming a standard among video formats that are being released.

How is HD different from standard video? Is there really a huge difference?

There is a big difference between the HD and standard video when it comes to the specifications. Since HD video has a higher rate of frames per second, the video quality is definitely much better. The number of lines is also higher compared to the standard videos that we are used to. The video becomes seamless because of this and is less pixelated. You can definitely feel the difference if you watch a non-HD video in a wide-screen television as the pixels become more visible.

What are the pros and cons of having videos on HD?

Of course, there are 2 sides to every story and the same goes with HD videos. The great thing about this type of video is that the quality is high so if you have a big screen television, your viewing experience will be much better as it is formatted to view in a widescreen format. The downside of this is that the file is quite large so if you are planning to download it from the Internet, you would need a large capacity hard drive to be able to accommodate the files. Transferring them can also be a test of patience.

Can any tablet or screen show HD video? Are there any particular gadgets that can do justice to HD video?

There are a lot of affordable Android tablet computers models that can already accommodate HD video since this is becoming the standard when it comes to the videos that are produced slowly. The demand for such videos are increasing steadily that even streaming videos are submitted as HD. There are even some brands that already have HD-capable screens as well as having HD-capable cameras.

The Ardell Wellness Stress Test Self-Assessment

My first book, "High Level Wellness: An Alternative to Doctors, Drugs and Disease" (Rodale, 1977), contained a chapter on stress. In it was a short stress test or self-assessment. Nearly 35 years have passed since I wrote this and devised a scoring system for interpreting it. The exercise was intended to give a sense of the range of factors that can be potential stressors. Too many stress factors not managed well can cause health and other troubles ranging from misery to ruin. My stress test, a self-assessment tool, is a self-report instrument intended for personal insights. It is not, of course, a test in any technical sense. Unlike a true test, it is not validated against a criterion or otherwise in accord with standards for scientific rigor.

Many books have been written about the phenomenon of stress. It is a popular term in our culture and receives much attention in varied worksite health promotion programs. Among humans, there are major individual differences in how people respond to and manage stressors at different times under varied circumstances. What stresses you might delight me and vice-versa. People thrive with and also suffer from stress in their lives. Any test that raises awareness and then helps fewer suffer and more thrive seems a good thing.

My little wellness stress test is a consciousness-raising, self-assessment life satisfaction survey. I want to assist readers embark upon or add to their wellness mindsets and lifestyles. To do that, it helps to evaluate a number of important life areas. I want everyone to enjoy the process of mastering stress factors as much as possible. Stress can be serious when present to excess. Anyone working with an individual in a wellness setting may consider the self-assessment and interpretation that follows as an aide, useful for exploring issues and concerns in greater depth towards the goal of positive resolutions.

The old 1977 Ardell Wellness Stress Test remains popular to this day, particularly at university wellness centers and health promotion courses. In addition, I still receive requests for permission to reproduce the test in books and brochures. So, it seems time for an update. After all, what are the chances that the events and circumstances of the 70's are still stressing people today? However, I should recognize that most of the factors listed then are generic, not dated to an era (eg, job and career stresses). Thus, most of the original test questions should still apply, especially after a little touch-up to account for my having learned a thing or two in the intervening decades. I'd at least like to think I know more in 2018 about REAL wellness than I did in 1976 while writing "High Level Wellness: An Alternative to Doctors, Drugs and Disease." That fact in itself invited this update.

The "Ardell Wellness Stress Test" then and now incorporates physical, mental, emotional, "spiritual" (ie, meaning and purpose) and social aspects of health. This is one reason many users report finding the test useful – it offers a balanced assessment of varied stress sources. In this updated version, I retain that broad scope. I also retain the scanning system. I recommend that you print this test in order to allow marking answers or number ratings to each of the 25 topic areas. As in the original version, I'm offering a six-point scale, plus a neutral choice that indicates no positive or negative emissions associated with the item.

Here is the rating scale to apply as you read and consider each factor in the 25 question assessment. Simply rate your satisfaction in degrees positive or negative for each item.

* Enter "+3" if your situation, that is, your satisfaction with how your life is currently going regarding the category listed, is "exuberant to ecstatic" – as good or positive as it could reasonably be expected or hoped for.

* Enter "+2" if your satisfaction level in the category is "very happy to quite pleased."

* Enter "+1" if your satisfaction is "OK to mildly satisfying."

* Enter "0" if your most accurate sense is "not sure" to "no problem."

* Enter "-1" if the most accurate response seems to be "mildly disappointed" to "not quite right."

* Enter "-2" if the most best answer is "very disappointed" to "quite unhappy about this."

* Enter "-3" if your feeling about the issue at hand is "I'm on the road to Nowhere" to "I think I'm about to go over a cliff."

With this scoring system, enter a number to the left of each factor regarding how much positive or negative stress it engenders. When you have completed all 25, please add your score and read my assessment of your stress situation. After that, of course, a REAL wellness mindset / lifestyle is highly recommended, no matter how high (good) or low (time to reorganizate) your score on this stress assessment might be.

_____ 1. Choice of profession or career

_____ 2. Present job or capacity to make a satisfactory living

_____ 3. Marital or partner status

_____ 4. Primary relationships (family and best friends)

_____ 5. Ability to have fun and the amount to which you experience good times regularly

_____ 6. Amount of recent occasions when you felt exuberant, filled with a sense that "life is good"

_____ 7. Financial situation and future prospects

_____ 8. Sense of who you are and how evolving (self-respect and confidence)

_____ 9. Meaning and purpose in life (includes "spirituality")

_____ 10. Level of self-worth and estimation of how others view you

_____ 11. Prospects for having impact on those who know you and possibly others

_____ 12. Sex life

_____ 13. Body, how it looks and performances

_____ 14. Home life, including range of interests and passions

_____ 15. Life skills and education – awareness of issues and facts unrelated to your job or profession

_____ 16. Capacities for dealing with change, crises, setbacks and all manner of unexpected situations

_____ 17. Nutritional knowledge, attitudes and consumption patterns

_____ 18. Ability to recover from disappointments, hurts and tragedies

_____ 19. Potentials

_____ 20. A range of interests and a balanced quality in your life

_____ 21. Sense that life for you is on an upward curve, getting better and fuller all the time

_____ 22. Level of participation in issues and concerns beyond your immediate interests

_____ 23. Choices about parenting and styles / principles for the guidance of children

_____ 24. Role with network of friends, relatives and / or others

_____ 25. Emotional acceptance of the inescapable reality of aging, decline and death

Please add the plus number and subtract the minus numbers. Write the total in this space: ______

Ardell Wellness Stress Test Interpretation

+ 60 to + 75 – You are in a very good place overall, and illegally to be significantly bothered by stressors on a consistent basis. You have a lot of positive factors in your life which, more than any stress management technique (eg, deep breathing, meditation and so on), will render you large immune from the adverse effects of negative emotions in dealing with what life serves up. There are few challenges likely to untrack you from a continuing sense of near wellbeing so long as your satisfaction level remains as high as indicated in this assessment.

+ 36 to + 59 – You are doing well, much better than most. You should find the information available about the wellness concept attractive and consistent with your movement towards effective and healthy living. You already have a well-tuned capacity to deal creatively and efficiently with events and circumstances. Additional allowances should come easily for you. All good wishes in moving forward while learning new skills, particularly in areas of critical thinking, the experience of exuberant living, physical fitness and expanding your personal freedoms and choices.

+ 20 to + 35 – You have a well-founded appreciation for the importance of lifestyle choices in affecting the quality of your life. You know the value of personal responsibility, a supportive environment and the cumulative positive effects of little changes, over time. In the months to come, invest additional energies in learning ways to strengthen certain areas. You can boost your satisfactions while reducing your stressors.

0 to +19 – You can clearly benefit from a modest investment in learning ways to reduce stress and increase pleasures. A flurry of negative circumstances could spark emotional setbacks. Take steps now to avoid slowing your steady progress towards mastery of good living and self-efficiency.

0 to -19 – Stress of a daily nature that interferes will good living seems to be a problem – and it describes your attention. Stress of a consistent negative nature will jeopardize your motivation to choose wisely and sustain energy levels needed for good health and an enjoyable life. You are a candidate for counseling. You are either too pessimistic or have severe problems in dealing with stress.

-20 to – 37 – There is almost certainly too much stress to support exuberant living, with generous instances of pleasure and joy, positive excitment for fun things to do and delights in diversions and purposes. Consider a wide range of ways to boost your happiness quotient.

-38 to – 75 – Oh my goodness. What do you do for a living – are you North Korean Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un, ruling dictator of the Hermit Kingdom? Something, lots of things, must be done to lighten the load, to eliminate much of the stress load from your life. Let's look on the bright side for a moment – you are still alive, you managed to complete the test without suffering a cardiac event and you probably have a sense of humor, more or less. But seriously, if you truly are as stressed as this little consciousness-raising set of questions would indicate, it's time for a chat with a wellness professional. I recommend that you start now to look after yourself with more loving attention.

The single best way to deal with negative stress is to prevent it in the first place. Too late for that. Next, take the surest path to stress reduction – find ways to enjoy life daily. It also helps to find work that challenges and allows expression of your talents. In addition, find a cause or project or two that gives added meaning. Service to others is also a proven way of improving your own situation. All that uplifts and inspires tend to diminish anxiety, stress and fears. Do whatever you can to boost your experience of little joys and delights. There are many paths to increased happiness. Few have offered a better, more succinct formula for happiness than Robert Green Ingersoll (1833 – 1899), the great 19th century orator of the golden age of freethought. Ingersoll believed happiness was a great value. Many today are familiar with his words on the subject: "The place to be happy is here, the time to be happy is now and the way to be happy is to make others so."

Thanks for taking the self-assessment test.

All best wishes. Be well.

The Benefits of Martial Arts Training

As any martial artist will tell you, there are multiple benefits in martial arts training. Of course, the most obvious benefit is a knowledge of self defense which is one of the major reasons why systems were developed in the first place. Knowing how to defend oneself and loved ones in a potentially dangerous situation is an asset in today's world just as it was hundreds of years ago. Unlike often depicted in the movies, training is not just about fighting. Many people take up martial arts for the fitness benefits as well. Training in karate, tae kwon do, kung fu and other styles will improve one's cardiovascular fitness as well as tone the muscular system. Strength will increase from the calisthenics usually employed within training but although not to the same extent as working out with weights. But overall power of one's body will definitely increase since the techniques teach how to use strength effectively.

Most people will also improve their flexibility significantly while training since entire ranges of motion from the body are exercised. This is especially true with styles such as tae kwon do, Thai kickboxing as well as some schools of karate and kung fu where high kicks are used. All martial art styles will result in an improvement of one's coordination as well.

Unlike many other forms of physical activity, martial arts also have a mental and sometimes spiritual element which not only improves the mind's focus but also helps in self control. Emotions such as anger and fear are better controlled through training. Many martial artists can find an inner peace through their training. In today's hectic world, these particular benefits translate into one of the most effective stress management tools available. When training in a session or in a group class, all the day to day problems of the world seem to be forgotten. People come out refreshed, energized and ready to tackle the big world out there.

Training in martial arts usually involves many little steps and progressions. As one advances, the feeling of accomplishment comes with added confidence. This is especially beneficial for children who were not very confident in the first place. An increase in self confidence for kids (as well as adults) will have a cross over effect in other areas of life such as in other sports and general self esteem. Other challenges in life, both physical and mental, will be met with much less fear.

An important benefit of martial arts training for parents to note is that children will generally become more disciplined than the unique formalities of martial arts classes. This is one benefit that is often lacking in other sports. Former 'problem' kids with bad attitudes could become well behaved and respectful as a result of taking classes a few times per week. Respect is something that all instructors place great importance during their classes. Martial arts kids are often very well behaved children no matter what social economic backgrounds they come from.

Martial arts training has so many great benefits covering physical, mental and emotional aspects that it's no wonder why it has become one of the most popular activities for both adults and children. However, it is important to point out that not all programs will produce the range of benefits discussed. Programs that teach just combat fighting techniques may not result in the desired mental and spiritual benefits so it is important to search around for the right school that will offer the benefits one wishes to achieve.

Vegetarian Athletes – 10 Olympic Champions

It's a myth that muscles, strength and endurance require the consumption of large quantities of animal-based foods. This myth began before anyone even talked about protein. During the Olympics, it's a good time to take a look at some amazing athletes who are champions and vegetarians:

  1. Charlene Wong is a champion figure skater who represented Canada in the 1988 Calgary Olympics. She began competitiveness at the age of 6 and in 1980 was named to the Canadian Team and represented Canada in the Junior World Championships. She was highlighted in The Vegetarian Sports Nutrition Guide by Lisa Dorfman.
  2. Paavo Nurmi , a Finnish runner, was a vegetarian since the age of 12. He is often considered the greatest track and field athlete of all time. A long-distance runner, he competed in the 1920, 1924 and 1928 Olympics, winning 12 Olympic medals.
  3. Chris Campbell , wrestler, trained for the 1980 Olympics but did not compete as the American team boycotted the 1980 Moscow Olympics. At age 37, he began training again and secured a place on the US team, winning a bronze medal at the 1992 Olympics, becoming the oldest American to medal in Olympic wrestling. He says, "I take care of my body. I do not eat meat, and I do yoga every day. It makes a difference."
  4. Carl Lewis , vegan athlete, won 10 Olympic medals, including 9 golds, in a career that spanned from 1979 to 1996, competing for the US. He said, "most athletes have the worst diet in the world, and they compete in spite of it."
  5. Surya Bonaly , professional figure skater, represented France in the Olympics of 1992, 1994, and 1998. She is also now a US citizen. A vegetarian, she has appeared in PETA ads protesting Canada's baby seal hunt and English and French fur trade.
  6. Debbie Lawrence , vegetarian racewalker, has been a three-time Olympian (1992, 1996, and 2000) and is the world record holder for the women's 5K racewalk event. She attributes her success to hard work and a vegetarian diet.
  7. Murray Rose , a vegetarian since birth, has six Olympic medals. He was born in 1939 in Nairn, Scotland, but he moved to Australia with his family at an early age. He was an Olympic champion at age seventeen. He was known for his vegetarianism during his career, approaching him the nickname, "The Seaweed Streak." He competed in the Olympics from 1956 through 1960, winning six medals.
  8. Al Oerter , discus drawer , won four Olympic gold medals for the US – in 1956, 1960, 1964. He was also an abstract painter.
  9. Edwin Moses , hurdler for the US, is a gold medalist who went eight years without losing the 400-meter hurdle. Over his career, he won two Olympic gold medals. After retirement from track, he in completed in a 1990 World Cup bobsled race in Germany and won the two-man bronze medal with US Olympian Brian Shimer. Edwin Moses is a vegetarian.
  10. Leroy Burrell , sprinter, twice set the world record for the 100 meter sprint. He won a gold medal for the US in 1992 in Barcelona. He is a vegetarian.

As stated in "Vegetarian Diets" by the International Center for Sports Nutrition, Olympic Coach Magazine, Winter 1997:

"If care is taken to include a wide variety of foods, vegetarian diets can be nutritionally adequate to support athletic performance."

"Whether an individual is a recreational or world-class athlete, being a vegetarian does not diminish natural talent or athletic performance.

Looking at these 10 vegetarian Olympic athletes, it's clear that the need to eat meat to be strong and a champion is a myth. A whole foods, plant-based diet will give an athlete all the excellent nutrition he or she needs to be a winner.

History of the BCS Championship Bowl Game

If you are a college football fanatic you probably already know how this came to be. You were probably watching the first games that led up to the creation. For you it was a history making event that you did not want to miss. For everyone else that does not know the history of the BCS championship bowl game there are a few things that brought the bowl game into existence.

The very first bowl championship series was played in 1998 at the end of the college football season. People were clamoring for a way to crown one team as the very best out of all others for the year. If it could be done on the professional level why could not it be done on the college level as well? Each team wanted bragging rights to be the best. The only problem was that unlike with professional football you have just a fraction of teams and your players will constantly change up as some graduate or accept the draft. One team that won last year may not have any returning senior players.

Prior to the game in 1998 there were some attempts at a national game however, the big ten teams did not participate, so in actuality it was not a true championship game. All of the various bowls that are out now were rotated to change up the final location of the championship bowl game. There were four actual bowls which rotated each year. They were the Rose Bowl, Orange Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, and Sugar Bowl. Other additional bowls are provided to other teams that are not in the playoffs for the championship title. People still want to be able to see a final game or ranking for their favorite college team. This was an appeasement for those that would not make the final cut. This is something akin to a regional championship in the professional league.

Now that this system has been implemented a lot of colleges and fans are complaining about how the teams are chosen for the top spots. Unfortunately it is not decided upon how a team performances or plays on the field but by polls and computer rankings. Many feel that it provides an unfair advantage to the larger schools which have larger endowments and more funding to acquire better players. The USA Today newspaper combines the coaches' poll. And former players, media and coaches get a say for the Harris Interactive Poll. Finally, an average of six computers provides ratings on the college football teams. This is an intricate design that was created for the championship bowl game.

As the season comes to a close each year in January, people root and cheer for their favorite teams. Everyone has an opinion on how it should be fixed or updated. As this is still a relatively new system in place it will take a long time to get updated. And it will not be scrapped for another system until enough people complain about it. But with that in mind it is not easy to set up and maintain a system that will be liked by everyone.

History of Freightliner Trucks

Freightliner Trucks is a well known American truck manufacturer of heavyweight trucks, as well as truck chassis and semi or tractor-trailer trucks and is now a division of Daimler Trucks North America, which is a subsidiary of German Daimler AG.

Freightliner the Early Years

Freightliner Trucks has been known as Freightliner Inc since 1942, but it actually has an earlier history in the 1930s as Consolidated Freightways.
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Consolidated Freightways began to develop its own line of trucks by reconstructing Fageols in an attempt to improve the abilities of heavy duty trucks to be able to climb the steep grades of the mountainous regions of the western part of the United States.

These trucks were called “Freightliners,” thus the beginning of the future of the Freightliner Trucks Company.
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The first trucks were made in Consolidated Freightways factory in Salt Lake City in 1942, the same year the company became Freightliner.

World War II stopped truck production temporarily at Freightliner, but by 1949 it was back in the truck making business in Portland, Ore. That first truck sold was purchased by a fork life maker called Hyster and that vehicle now has a place of honor in the Smithsonian in Washington D.C.

The company paired up with the White Motor company in 1951 in Cleveland, Ohio to help it sell trucks because to Freightliner lacked a way to distribute its vehicles.
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The partnership lasted for about 25 years and the trucks from that relationship were known as “White Freightliner” trucks.

Freightliner in the Hippie Years 1960s and 1970s

In the early 60s, Freightliner was looking for ways to reduce costs such as the importing duty penalty on the trucks made in Burnaby, B.C.. In order to do this, they opened assembly plants in Indianapolis, Indiana. and in Chino, California.

By 1974 Freightliner ended it’s relationship with the White Motor Company because of that company’s financial issues.
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Freightliner became a freestanding truck manufacturer and distributer. Around that time Freightliner came out with it’s very first traditional model of truck, which was an adaptation of what was a high cab-over engine model. At the time, these trucks made up 50 percent of the market due to length regulations that put limitations on the bumper to taillight measurements on tractor-trailer trucks.

The company continued to thrive and opened new manufacturing plants in Mount Holly, North Carolina and Gastonia, North Carolina in 1979.
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That year marked another milestone for the trucking industry when President Carter signed new laws that deregulated transport rules for both ground and air transportation. This deregulation changed how the economy of the trucking industry operated and got rid of the industry’s protection from competition, which let the Teamsters Union develop a stronghold position due to a Master Agreement made with every one of the nation’s important freight transport businesses.

Freightliner in the Preppie 1980s

The 1980s brought the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 which made more changes for the trucking industry by relaxing the weight and length rules and putting into place a brand new excises tax on heavyweight trucks and truck tires.
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It made it so that the overall length of tractor-trailers was no longer restricted, however, the trailer itself was now restricted and couldn’t be more than 53 feet long.

Freightliner had done well during the years when the transportation industry was de-regulated, but by 1981 it was having problems so the company was sold to Daimler-Benz. It also had to close plants in Chino, California. and Indianapolis, Indiana. However, by 1989, Freightliner was able to buy a plant that already existed in Cleveland, North Carolina that had previously made transit buses.

More Changes for Freightliner in the Booming 1990s

By1991, Freightliner was doing better and was able to bring out a new series of medium weight trucks it called “Business Class.” This was the first truck of the medium weight market in more than 10 years and it was extremely successful.

Freightliners also started making trucks in Santiago Tianguistenco, Mexico near Mexico City in a Daimler-Benz owned plant.
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The 1990s ended up being a good era for the truck industry and Freightliner flourished as well. At this time, Frieghtliner was under the leadership of James L. Hebe, who had come to the company in 1989.

Several notable products produced in the 1990s included what became the Freightliner Custom Chassis, which was produced for vans used in businesses such as UPS and Cintas, as well as school buses, diesel recreational vehicles, and shuttle buses in 1995, and in 1997 a heavyweight truck called the “AeroMax” was acquired from the Ford Motor Company and Freightliner renamed the truck series “Sterling.”

Freightliner The Modern Era

In 2000 Freightliner acquired what used to be the Detroit Diesel Corp., which has been a subsidiary of General Motors. Daimler later integrated Detroit Diesel into Freightliner, thus making the company even bigger.
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Unfortunately, it may have taken on more than it could handle at this time and by the following year, it had many more trucks than there was demand for. The company was having financial problems and so its former CFO Rainer Schmueckle was brought back to help get the company back in shape again.

During the next couple of years several plants were closed or consolidated in the hopes of getting Freightliner back in black again. In 2007 it had other woes when workers at the Cleveland, North Carolina plant called for a strike and as a result, 700 employees were fired. Most were re-hired about a week later. That same year the company had to lay off 800 workers in Portland, Oregon as it moved that plant to Mexico, and on Jan. 7, 2008 the company became known as Daimler Trucks North America.

Freightliner Today

These days, Freightliner Trucks is as active as ever making heavyweight trucks in the class five through eight series in North America, and it leads the diesel Class A recreational vehicle chassis and walk-in van markets.
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Freightliner also is responsible for a class 2 van called the Sprinter that is marketed through Freightliner for Mercedes-Benz in Europe.

As of Jan 2012, Freightliner had plans to hire 1,100 more workers for its Cleveland, NC plant to add to the already 1,500 workers there. This is a temporary measure due to increased demand for Cascadia trucks. Freightliner continues to be popular within the industry for making some of the most durable and dependable heavy weight trucks that are on the road today.

Wilt Chamberlain – Track and Field at the University of Kansas (KU) In Addition to Basketball

Wilt Chamberlain is best known by sports fans as one of the most dominant basketball players of all time. To people less familiar with sports and basketball specifically the name Wilt Chamberlain might have a familiar sound because of his much publicized personal life.
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What many people do not realize is that before basketball became the focus of his life the first sport that Wilt fell in love with was track and field.

Chamberlain was born on August 21, 1936 and grew up in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he had eight brothers and sisters that all came from the same parents of father William and mother Olivia.
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As a youth growing up in eastern Pennsylvania Wilt famously stated that his first reaction to the game of basketball was that he considered it to be "a game for sissies." The sport that the young Wilt Chamberlain was exponentially more passionate about was track and field.

Before even reaching high school age the freakishly athletic Wilt Chamberlain is reported to have high jumped 6'6 "which is a mark that would win most high school varsity track meets. are understood to be as far as 22 feet.
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For comparison purposes almost all high school track athletes can not reach 22 feet in a running long jump and Wit is reported to have reached that length from a stationary standing amplitude jump position. broad jumping talents are perhaps to be expected considering what the public now knows about his success on the basketball court, however the track and field prowess that Wilt showed was not limited to jumping events.
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Thanks to the long strides and powerful running style that Chamberlain employed he was a miraculous middle distance runner as his preteen times of 49 seconds in the 440 yard race (once around a standard track) and under two minutes in the 880 yard distance (twice around a standard track) are exceptional numbers for even a college athlete. Chamberlain excelled at every aspect of track and field including running, jumping, and throwing.

He is reported to have tossed a shot put over 53 feet in his youth.

Chamberlain matured very quickly and continued to grow at a rapid pace. At the age of 10 the young man was already 6 'tall and when he started high school he was an astounding 6'11 ".a as 7'2" college freshmen playing basketball at the University of Kansas (commonly referred to as KU) the 240 pound Chamberlain could reach 9'6 "into the air just standing flat footed (no tip toes).

Wilt took up his first love of track and field at the University of Kansas in Lawrence, Kansas while also playing basketball there.

The 7'2 "goliath ran a sub 11 second 100 yard dash and also thread the shot put 56 feet. and successfully won the Big 8 Conference high jumping competition three years in a row. In the world of track and field it is an extraordinarily rare athlete that can compete at the highest level in the shortest sprints, all the dumping events, and the throwing events This dynamic collection of talents is so rare in fact that Wilt might be the only man ever to possess this unique skill set.

Detroit Schools Excel in National Competitions

Detroit Schools Win Awards in the Academic Games Leagues of America Competition

Schulze Elementary, representing the Detroit Schools, has won several awards, in this year's Academic Games Leagues of America Competition. The elementary school had several teams competing in the Academic Games Leagues of America Competition. Both team and individual awards were given for performance. The teams have won state awards at the Michigan League of Academic Games competition held in Grand Rapids and the Academic Games Leagues of America Competition held in Eatonton, Georgia. Three teams received awards in the state level, Team Unbelievable, Team Unpredictable, and Team Small Wonders. Team Unpredictable members were Kiara Chatman, Tierra Holland, Toria Holland, Ahmed Patterson, and Chaves Wesley. Team Unbelievable members were D'Lante Boyce, Dantez Boykin, Anesha Hamlin, Royal Maxwell, and Bhe'Anna Thomas. Team Small Wonders' team captain was Kambria Chatman.

Team Unpredictable is the State Champions in the Wff n 'Proof Game, First Place in the Elementary Division in the On-Words Game, Third Place in the Elementary Division in the On-Sets Game and Honorable Mention in Propaganda. Team Unbelievable won Second Place in Elementary Division for the On-Words Game and Team Small Wonders won First Place in Elementary Division for the Minor Equations Game. Team Unpredictable went on to compete and win several awards at the Academic Games Leagues of America Competition. They won team awards in the following: Second Place in On Sets Game and Wff n 'Proof Game, Third Place in Propaganda and Overall Math, and Second Place in Best Overall Team in the Elementary Division. Team Unpredictable 'team members also received some individual awards. In the Wff n 'Proof Game the First Place Individual winner was Tierra Holland and the Second Place Individual winner was Chaves Wesley. The Detroit Schools are proud at how well they were represented.

Academic Games Leagues of America

The Academic Games Leagues of America is a non-profit organization founded in 1991 to encourage and conduct academic games competition at the local and national level. There are currently state chapters in Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Michigan, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Detroit Schools is an active member in both the state and national organizations. The academic games are designed to create situations where students must attempt to outthink each other in the fields of mathematics, language arts and social studies. Game types include games Equations On-Sets, and LinguiSHTIK require a kit in which cubes are rolled and played on a board and games Presidents, World Events and Propaganda involve students answering questions read by a central reader.

The Crocket Career Technical Center Competes at the Michigan State Health Occupations Students of America Conference

Twenty-one students from Detroit Schools participated in and competed in the Michigan State Health Occupations Students of America Conference held in Traverse City. The students represented Detroit Schools in competition involving various health related competitive games with students form other Michigan State Health Occupations Students of America groups. Health Occupations Students of America is a national student organization endorsed by the US Department of Education and the Health Science Technology Education Division of ACTE. HOSA provides a unique program of leadership development, motivation, and recognition exclusively for secondary, postsecondary, adult, and college students enrolled in HSTE programs. Awards won by Detroit Schools' students include: Tellyah Kennedy in Category II Health Occupation Skills Events; Pricilla Hill, Devonte Glass, Deangalo Jones, Lisa Jenkins, Shelle Shepherd, Candace Johnson, and Kamesha Smith in Category II Individual Leadership Events. Detroit Schools proved to be quite strong at this year's Michigan State Health Occupations Students of America Conference.