Detroit Schools Excel in National Competitions

Detroit Schools Win Awards in the Academic Games Leagues of America Competition

Schulze Elementary, representing the Detroit Schools, has won several awards, in this year's Academic Games Leagues of America Competition. The elementary school had several teams competing in the Academic Games Leagues of America Competition. Both team and individual awards were given for performance. The teams have won state awards at the Michigan League of Academic Games competition held in Grand Rapids and the Academic Games Leagues of America Competition held in Eatonton, Georgia. Three teams received awards in the state level, Team Unbelievable, Team Unpredictable, and Team Small Wonders. Team Unpredictable members were Kiara Chatman, Tierra Holland, Toria Holland, Ahmed Patterson, and Chaves Wesley. Team Unbelievable members were D'Lante Boyce, Dantez Boykin, Anesha Hamlin, Royal Maxwell, and Bhe'Anna Thomas. Team Small Wonders' team captain was Kambria Chatman.

Team Unpredictable is the State Champions in the Wff n 'Proof Game, First Place in the Elementary Division in the On-Words Game, Third Place in the Elementary Division in the On-Sets Game and Honorable Mention in Propaganda. Team Unbelievable won Second Place in Elementary Division for the On-Words Game and Team Small Wonders won First Place in Elementary Division for the Minor Equations Game. Team Unpredictable went on to compete and win several awards at the Academic Games Leagues of America Competition. They won team awards in the following: Second Place in On Sets Game and Wff n 'Proof Game, Third Place in Propaganda and Overall Math, and Second Place in Best Overall Team in the Elementary Division. Team Unpredictable 'team members also received some individual awards. In the Wff n 'Proof Game the First Place Individual winner was Tierra Holland and the Second Place Individual winner was Chaves Wesley. The Detroit Schools are proud at how well they were represented.

Academic Games Leagues of America

The Academic Games Leagues of America is a non-profit organization founded in 1991 to encourage and conduct academic games competition at the local and national level. There are currently state chapters in Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Michigan, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Detroit Schools is an active member in both the state and national organizations. The academic games are designed to create situations where students must attempt to outthink each other in the fields of mathematics, language arts and social studies. Game types include games Equations On-Sets, and LinguiSHTIK require a kit in which cubes are rolled and played on a board and games Presidents, World Events and Propaganda involve students answering questions read by a central reader.

The Crocket Career Technical Center Competes at the Michigan State Health Occupations Students of America Conference

Twenty-one students from Detroit Schools participated in and competed in the Michigan State Health Occupations Students of America Conference held in Traverse City. The students represented Detroit Schools in competition involving various health related competitive games with students form other Michigan State Health Occupations Students of America groups. Health Occupations Students of America is a national student organization endorsed by the US Department of Education and the Health Science Technology Education Division of ACTE. HOSA provides a unique program of leadership development, motivation, and recognition exclusively for secondary, postsecondary, adult, and college students enrolled in HSTE programs. Awards won by Detroit Schools' students include: Tellyah Kennedy in Category II Health Occupation Skills Events; Pricilla Hill, Devonte Glass, Deangalo Jones, Lisa Jenkins, Shelle Shepherd, Candace Johnson, and Kamesha Smith in Category II Individual Leadership Events. Detroit Schools proved to be quite strong at this year's Michigan State Health Occupations Students of America Conference.

Canadian Passport Requirements – Ensure That You Can Travel to the USA on Time

I've just found a great deal on a trip to Miami, what documents do I need to have in order to travel?

This is a common questions that I am presented with. It is important to consider the requirements before booking an international trip of any kind: you would hate to miss your vacation due to being turned away at the airport!

You will need a passport. As of January 2007, Canadians flying into the USA require passports. You are still allowed to travel by car, train or bus without a passport, but by January 2008 these travelers require passports as well. I recommend getting a passport now if you have travel plans of any kind. Your passport should be valid until at least six (6) months after your return to Canada.

How do I get a passport, and how long does it take?

This depends on your situation, if you have a Canadian passport issued after January 2002 there is a new simplified process to obtain a new passport. Canadian Citizens applying for their first passport, or renewing a passport issued before 2002 have a more complicated application to submit. If you are a Permanent Resident (Landed Immigrant) of Canada, you are not allowed to apply for a Canadian Passport, and must follow a different process altogether.

All application forms / instructions are available at your local post office. Be sure to check with Passport Canada for unique situations (my passport was stolen!), Updates and office locations for applying in person.

Simplified Passport Renewal

If you are an adult looking to renew a passport that was issued after January 31 2002, and you do not need to change your name, replace a lost, stolen or damaged passport, you may be able to take advantage of the new simplified passport application . This option is available only to those that are staying in Canada and were 16 years of age or older and staying in Canada when the previous passport was issued.

This application allows you to skip the Guarantor process, and avoid submitting proof of identity, as well as your birth certificate or citizenship card. You must submit the application form, two (2) new photographs, a processing fee of $ 87, and your previous passport.
Passports applied for in person can be ready in as little as two (2) weeks. Passports applied for by mail will take at least six (6) weeks.

Standard Passport Application

For those who do not have an adult passport issued after January 31, 2002, you must use the full application. This could be your first passport application, you were under 16 when your last passport was issued or you are staying outside of Canada.

For these applications you need to have a guarantor, but new rules allow almost everyone to have access to someone that can sign for them. Many Canadians by virtue of holding a passport themselves can now act as guarantors. You will be required to submit the application form, a fee of $ 87, proof of identity (ie. Driver's License), two (2) photographs and original proof of citizenship.

Like the Simplified Application, passports applied for in person can be ready in as little as two (2) weeks, six (6) weeks by mail.

What if I am a Permanent Resident (Landed Immigrant) of Canada, not a Citizen?

You will need to ensure that you have a valid Permanent Resident (PR) Card. This is required to return to Canada after your trip. If you are unsure of the procedure to obtain a PR Card, you should get in touch with an Immigration Specialist like myself, or Citizenship and Immigration Canada.

Generally PR Cards take about 6-8 weeks to process.

You will also need to carry a valid passport from your Country of Citizenship. If this passport is not current you will need to contact that country's embassy or consulate in Canada to apply. Be aware that the length of time, fees, and the amount of documentation required varies greatly country to country. Some will be able to renew an existing passport the same day, others will find that it takes several months and involves a lot of supporting documents.

Depending on the passport you carry, you may need a visa in order to enter the United States. The United States does not view Canadian Citizens and Permanent Residence in the same way. The American authorities will treat you as a Citizen of the country who passport you are carrying. Be sure to check out this requirement several months before you want to travel: American visas often take weeks or months to arrange.

Common Mistakes

When making an application of any type ensure that it is signed! Make sure you have included everything asked for on the checklist including the fee.
If your passport applications requires you to provide proof of citizenship, make sure you know where your Birth Certificate or Certificate of Citizenship is! Passport Canada will not accept your current Canadian Passport as proof of citizenship. If you need to replace a Birth Certificate or Citizenship document, be sure to apply well ahead of time!

Be sure to carefully read all instructions from Passport Canada before applying.

Source by Christopher Daw

Why Should You Not Travel Alone?

Traveling is a fun activity. We all love to travel. We travel various places in order to get away from our hasty and busy life. Everyone gets tired of the everyday monotonous life. We all travel to get pleasure and get refreshed. Traveling is essential to all. It helps in reducing the tension and makes people happy. People get new experience and knowledge from their travel. Some people love to travel in a group where some people love to travel alone. Traveling in a group gives us the feeling of safety and security. Traveling alone gives the feeling of freedom.

Mostly we do not meet with the problem when we are in city areas. The problem starts arising as we start moving off route. No one can predict when the problem arrives. It comes when it wants. Problems may differ as per the places we go. The travel is uncertain it may or may not arise during the trip. So it is better to take precautions before traveling. We should always travel with your family, friends, colleges, etc. We may not find a travel partner for our every journey. If traveling with a travel partner is not possible then it is better to travel along with a guide or search any other travel companion.

Traveling alone may create various problems like:

1. We can get attacked by the wild animals when we travel alone along the dense forest. If we travel in a group or with travel partner there is less chance of animal attacking us. In case if we get attacked there will be the companion to help us. But if we travel alone no one will be there for help. So it is better to travel with the travel companion.

2. We can get serious health problems like acute mountain sickness, HACE, HAPE, etc when we travel in the high altitude (when we go for trekking and mountain climbing).

3. We can get a serious injury that can lead us to death.

4. We can get stuck in some dangerous problems.

5. We may lose our way.

6. In some destinations, we can get kidnapped by the local rebellions as captive,

7. We can get robbed, etc.

8. Hospitals may not be available in the off routes minor health problems can become fatal. If there is no one to care about.

The movie 127 hours (based on the true story of Aron Lee Ralston) directed by Danny Boyle also insists the traveler not to travel alone. Aron is the survivor of a canyoneering accident. He fell into a crevice in southeast Utah. His hand stuck in the boulder. He then tried to get his right hand out of it but could not. With a dull pocketknife, he cut off his right forearm to free it from the boulder. He had been trapped there for five days and seven hours. He would not have to cut his forearm had he gone for the trek with a companion. So, we should always inform our family member and friends where we are traveling. We should always search a travel partner. It is the inspiring real-life story. Everyone should watch it.

Never ever travel alone.

Source by Ram Gautam

Making Free Travel a Reality

One of the best ways to make free travel a reality, is to learn more about becoming a group travel leader. Almost all travel providers provide a free trip when a group leader signs up a certain number of people for a tour, or travel event. This holds true for cruises as well. Once you have booked 15 passengers on a cruise, most cruise companies will give you a free cruise. (Can you image booking 15 guest on a world cruise, and you go for free?)

The attributes of a good group leader is someone who is out going and has a true love for travel. The ability to share information, and create a stir about a trip that you are promoting to friends, co-workers, and friends of friends is one of the major keys to becoming a successful group leader.
best price tickets
There are many different options for tours, group travel, vacations and event travel. Selecting a popular and affordable group tour for your first travel event, would probably be a wise idea.

One important task would be to gather the contact information of everyone you come in contact with who is interested in travel. This is also a good time to find out what destinations people are interested in, and when they would like to travel.

Once you do your research on group travel, you will learn quickly that the most well paid group leaders are the ones who do group cruises. This is an extremely lucrative niche for travel professionals and group travel leaders. There is a learning curve involved, however, it is fun and made easy by the online training programs of some of the larger cruise companies.

Finding a travel agency to work with will take a little time and research. Most of the agencies online charge a fee and offer a variety of support services. However, there are a select few, travel agencies who charge no fees, and provides excellent, online training for their outside agents.

Many group leaders get involved in group travel in order to travel for free. However, many of those stay in the business full-time because, the financial rewards for group travel can be high. One of the first things a group leader learners, is the retail travel agent is often times stuck in the office booking travel for a large number of individual clients.

A professional group leader is rarely in the office and usually does not keep office hours. It takes a special type of person to travel with groups. You have to really “like” people. And it helps if you have natural leadership abilities, alone with patients. Traveling with adults can be worse then traveling with a group of teens. At least with teens, you lay down the rules and what happens if the rules are broken. But with adults, you have to treat them like adults, fully realizing that they can get into far more trouble than the teenagers.

If you find the idea of ​​becoming a travel group leader excites you, do your research and learn more. Join the growing number of successful group travel leaders.

Source by Cassandra A. Ingraham

Kanyakumari Hotels – Luxury in The Lap of The Sea

Kanyakumari is a tourist hot spot located in the southern part of India and many tourists from all over the country travel to the place to witness its natural beauty. More and more foreign travelers are also travelling to the beach town of Kanyakumari. It has been a popular place for a long time and in recent times many new hotels have been opened. In order to cater to the tourist boom, hotels in different price ranges are being opened in Kanyakumari. However, the hotels in the place have caught all eyes for their innovative designs and quality of service.

Most of the luxury hotels in the town provide excellent facilities for their guests. Hotels have realized the importance of providing high quality services in order to be able to attract the affluent section of the society. Many Kanyakumari hotels in the luxury segment are located in close proximity to the ocean and hence they are ideally placed for tourists. Some luxury hotels are also located in remote sections of the town and they offer peace and tranquility away from the bustling tourist centers. There are a few heritage luxury hotels that are located in the town as well. Some luxury hotels are set amidst plantations and they are truly a sight for sore eyes.

The hotels in Kanyakumari are known for their hospitality and they have professionally trained staff that caters to all the needs of the guests. Luxury hotels in the town are not expensive and they provide spacious and clean rooms at affordable prices. This is one of the main reasons that these hotels get booked out extremely fast, especially during the tourist season. The South Indian cuisine is something that is unique and guests should try this out, while staying at the hotels in Kanyakumari. The place is well known for sea food and Kanyakumari can be a delight for non-vegetarians. Most of the luxury hotels also offer a good mix of Chinese, continental and North Indian cuisine.

The hotels provide good facilities for the business traveler as well and these include conference halls and business centers. Luxury hotels in Kanyakumari have facilities such as 24 hour room service, hot and cold running water, laundry service, valet parking, swimming pools and many other facilities. Guests are sure to miss nothing when they stay in the luxury hotels of the sea town. You can choose your hotel as per your preferences.

Source by Sneha T

Traveling To America? New ESTA Registration Mandated January 2009

For years, visitors from certain foreign countries have been able to travel to America without first getting a formal Visa sticker placed in their passport. Implemented in 1998, the “Visa Waiver Program” (VWP) has allowed for visitors of several countries to come to America for tourism or business purposes for up to 90 days without getting a Visa put in their passport. During 2007, more than 15 million visitors from VWP countries arrived in the United States.

As of January 12, 2009 America’s new ESTA program requires Visa Waiver Program visitors coming to the U.S. for tourist or business purposes via a plane or ship to “register” online before entering the United States to see if they pose a law enforcement or security risk to the U.S. ESTA is not required for land crossings. Officials are asking that the ESTA registration be done at least 72 hours prior to leaving, but theoretically it is possible to register at the last minute. An ESTA Travel Authorization is free, valid for 2 years, and valid for multiple entries.

Here are some Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) for ESTA Travel Authorization:

What Countries Are in the Visa Waiver Program?

Andorra, Austria, Australia, Belgium, Brunei, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.

Where Do I Apply for an ESTA Travel Authorization?

A website, operated by the American government, is where you register for ESTA: The ESTA information you submit via the computer is compared with certain American law enforcement databases and then either approved or denied. Foreign travelers will not be able to submit ESTA applications at American airports after arriving or at a U.S. Embassy in their country.

What if I Don’t Have Plans to Travel to the U.S. Yet?

VWP travelers are not required to have specific plans to travel to the United States before they apply for an ESTA Travel Authorization. As soon as VWP travelers begin to plan a trip to visit the U.S., they are encouraged to apply for travel authorization through the ESTA website. Applicants are not required to update their destination addresses or itineraries if they change after their ESTA Travel Authorization has been granted.

Does the ESTA Travel Authorization Guarantee Entry to the U.S.?

An ESTA Travel Authorization only authorizes a traveler to board an airline or ship for travel to the U.S. under the Visa Waiver Program. After they arrive, travelers who obtained an ESTA Travel Authorization may still be denied entry (also called “admission”) at a U.S. port of entry, such as an American airport. An approved ESTA is not a guarantee of admissibility at an American airport. In all cases, the American airport officers make the final determination whether a foreign traveler can enter the U.S. or not. You still have to establish to the satisfaction of the inspecting officer that you are entitled to be admitted to the U.S. under the Visa Waiver Program.

Can I Change My Travel Itinerary?

It is possible to change an itinerary on an existing ESTA Travel Authorization; ESTA is designed so that you can update parts of it at any time. Travelers who did not get an ESTA approval may be denied boarding by the airlines, experience delayed processing, or be denied admission to the U.S. at the American airport.

What If I Already Have a Valid B1/B2 Visitor Visa?

While the ESTA Travel Authorization is completed online with no interview, there are Visas that require a U.S. Embassy interview. The Visa process has separate procedures, which generally require an appointment, travel to a U.S. Embassy, an interview with a Consular Officer, processing time, and the payment of an application fee. If a foreign national already went to the U.S. Embassy and has a valid B1/B2 Visitor Visa pasted in their passport it is not necessary to get an ESTA Travel Authorization because the traveler will be entering with a B1/B2 Visitor Visa and not through the Visa Waiver Program. Keep in mind that an approved ESTA Travel Authorization is not a Visa.

Can I Re-Apply for an ESTA Travel Authorization if Denied?

Yes, but you must wait at least 10 days to reapply and your circumstances must have changed. Unless there is a change in a substantive fact, re-application will not change the result. Keep in mind that applying for an ESTA Travel Authorization with false information can cause a foreign national to be permanently barred from ever entering America. The ESTA system is designed to try to prevent individuals from changing and manipulating an ESTA entry until they receive an approval.

What If I am Denied an ESTA Travel Authorization and Have No Changed Circumstances?

There are three types of responses to an ESTA application; approved, pending or travel not authorized (denied). Applicants who receive a “pending” response are advised to check the website 72 hours later. Applicants who are denied will be required to go to a U.S. Embassy to apply for a formal nonimmigrant visa, such as a B1/B2 Visa, which may take months.

Can a Traveler Find Out the Reason Why an ESTA Application was Denied?

The U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security has stated that travelers may contact the DHS Travel Redress Inquiry Program (DHS TRIP at but there are no guarantees that information about a denial will be divulged. U.S. Embassies and Consulates are not required to provide details about an ESTA denial nor resolve the issue that caused the ESTA denial.

What If I Have a Criminal Record?

Only those qualified to travel under the VWP are eligible to pre-register through ESTA. Persons who have been arrested and/or convicted are generally not eligible for VWP and probably require a formal Visa, such as a B1/B2 Visa, to travel to America. If a foreign national has received tickets for speeding (which don’t usually result in an arrest or conviction) they are probably still eligible for the VWP and ESTA. If a foreign traveler has been denied entry into or deported from the U.S., they require a formal Visa.

Do Any Other Countries Have a Similar Program?

Australia has a program called the Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) that mandates travelers to submit an ETA application electronically through a website requesting permission to travel to Australia. Airlines may refuse to accept passengers who do not have either an approved ETA or Visa to enter Australia.

How Long Will the ESTA Application Data be Stored? Who Can Access It?

The ESTA Travel Authorization is valid for two years or until the traveler’s passport expires, whichever comes first. The American government will maintain the information for at least 15 years to allow retrieval of the information for law enforcement, national security, or investigatory purposes. Information submitted through ESTA can also be shared with any U.S. government organization.

What Information Does the Airlines Get?

Airlines will receive confirmation of a passenger’s ESTA status visa the “Advance Passenger Information System” (APIS) which shows whether the ESTA authorization has been granted for a Visa Waiver Program traveler. It is recommended that the traveler print out the ESTA application approval in order to maintain a record of their ESTA application number and to have confirmation of their ESTA status.

What About Children?

Accompanied and unaccompanied children, regardless of age, are required to obtain an independent ESTA Travel Authorization.

What if a Mistake was Made on the ESTA Application?

The ESTA website will ask applicants to review their application before submitting it. Also, there is an update function for certain information such as email address, telephone number, or flight information. If an applicant makes a mistake that cannot be “updated,” he will need to submit a new ESTA application.

What if I Only Have a Connecting Flight Through the U.S.?

Visa Waiver Program visitors who have a connecting flight in the U.S. are required to either have ESTA Travel Authorization or a Visa from a U.S. Embassy in their passport to travel through the U.S. even for a one hour stop. If a traveler is only planning to stop in the U.S. en route to another country, the traveler should enter the words “In Transit” and his final destination in the address lines under the heading “Address While In The United States” on the ESTA application.

What Are the Questions on the ESTA Travel Authorization Application?

The traveler must provide (in English) biographical data including name, birth date, country of citizenship, country of residence, email address, sex, telephone number, passport information, destination address in the U.S., travel information (round trip airline ticket, flight number and city where you are boarding) as well as questions regarding communicable diseases (chancroid, gonorrhea, granuloma inquinale, HIV, leprosy, lymphogranuloma venereum, syphilis [active], tuberculosis [active], and others), physical or mental disorders, drug addiction problems, arrests, convictions, past history of visa cancellation or denial, and prior deportations from the U.S. The traveler will also be asked whether they are seeking work in the U.S., have ever been deported or tried to get a visa by fraud or misrepresentation. The traveler will be asked if they have ever detained a child of a U.S. Citizen granted custody of the child, and whether they have ever asserted immunity from prosecution.

Do I Select “Business” or “Pleasure (Tourist) at the Airport Port of Entry?

After the ESTA Travel Authorization is granted, the foreign traveler will be interviewed by government officers at the first American airport they land. The officer will ask what the foreign traveler will be doing in America and the questioning can take up to four hours in a detained setting called “secondary inspection.” The officer may ask the traveler “what else are you doing in America?” repeatedly to try to get “the real” answer. If the traveler is only going to be a tourist, they are not allowed to do any business, including meeting with any attorneys, applying for a bank account, meeting with real estate agents, or other business consulting activities. Even though the traveler is going to conduct just one business meeting while in America, they are required to report it and enter as a business visitor. The business visitor is allowed to participate in tourist activities, but the tourist visitor is not allowed to participate in any business activities. Therefore, if any business might be conducted while in America, it is best to tell the government officers about it at the airport to avoid being accused of lying, put immediately on a plane back to your home country, and barred from America for life.

What Else Do Can the Airport Officers Make Me Prove After I Land?

The airport officers will ask the traveler proof of a foreign residence (address on foreign driver’s license), whether their intention is to depart at the end of the visit (round trip airline ticket), whether the traveler has a job (letter, paystub, business card) and family in their home country, (marriage certificate, childrens’ birth certificates), and whether the traveler has the money to travel around America (bank statement or credit cards with bank letter showing credit limit). The airport officers are also required to ask where the traveler will stay in America (hotel reservations or friends/relatives’ homes) and have been known to pick up the phone to verify all of the aforementioned information.

Can I Be Searched in the American Airport? Am I Entitled to Legal Representation?

While being interviewed at the American airport, all luggage (even locked bags) can be searched, as well as the traveler’s body and his/her cell phone (including text messages and phone numbers) and laptop (including hard drive). The officers may “google” a traveler’s name and check out their myspace, Facebook or hyves pages. The traveler is not allowed to be represented by an attorney or even call their attorney while in “secondary inspection.” Bathroom visits, water and food may be limited, so it is best to prepare for such an occasion while still on the plane before landing.

Do I Still Have to Go Through the “US-VISIT” Program at the American Airport?

Foreign travelers arriving at American airports and seaports must still be photographed and fingerprinted every time they enter the U.S.

Who Should I Ask For Help to Fill Out the ESTA Application?

The information a traveler provides on the ESTA application can remain in their file with U.S. authorities for a minimum of 15 years – probably longer. If a foreign traveler has some questions about how to answer the questions so as not to be permanently barred from America, it would be prudent to them to pay for a legal consultation with an American Immigration Attorney who is a member of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA). Beware of unauthorized private websites that offer ESTA application assistance for $49.99 – they are usually not authorized to practice immigration law and are asking travelers to pay for a copy of the application questions, which are free on the website.

If I Am Denied the ESTA Travel Authorization Will it Effect My Ability to Obtain a Visa at the U.S. Embassy?

When the ESTA Travel Authorization is denied, the foreign traveler must make an appointment at a U.S. Embassy in their country to apply for a formal Visa. The U.S. Embassy is operated by the U.S. Department of State and there are no expedited procedures for those who have been denied ESTA Travel Authorization. Because the ESTA program is so new, it is impossible to predict how badly a denial of the ESTA Travel Authorization will impact a traveler’s application for a Visa at a U.S. Embassy or impact their future travel to America in general. American Immigration Attorneys are in close contact with their foreign clients and will share the denial information with each other starting in January 2009. Currently there are no government policies regulating this area of the law, or opportunities to appeal a denial.

When Is the a “New” ESTA Travel Authorization Required?

A new ESTA Travel Authorization is required during the two years if (1) the traveler is issued a new passport (2) the traveler changes his name (3) the traveler changes his or her gender (4) the traveler’s country of citizenship changes or (5) the circumstances underlying the traveler’s previous responses to any of the ESTA application questions requiring a “yes” or “no” response have changed (such as a new arrest).

Can an American Immigration Attorney, Travel Agent or Employer Fill Out the ESTA Application?

A third party, such as a relative, travel agent or American Immigration Attorney, is permitted to submit an ESTA application on behalf of a VWP traveler. Be aware that the traveler is still responsible under the law for the answers submitted on his or her behalf by a third party.

Over 68,000 travelers have already voluntarily registered by using the ESTA online system in the last few months. Applicants are reminded to obtain a new “e-passport” which has an integrated computer chip capable of storing biographic information from the data page, as well as other biometric information, when registering with ESTA.

Source by Danielle Nelisse

101 Reasons to Travel to Brazil

There are many reasons to go to Brazil, probably thousands of reasons. I've listed the top 101 reasons to travel to this beautiful country filled with warm, fun loving, people, and very beautiful exotic feminine women.

# 1. Carnival – A world-revenable celebration in Rio which takes place 40 before Easter. Carnival in Rio, Brazil's world-renovated celebration, takes place 40 days before Easter. Rio is considered by many to be the carnival capital of the world!

# 2. Copacabana Beach World famous beach that attracts millions of tourists every year. In 2005, Lenny Kravitz performed there in front of 300,000 people.

# 3. Cariocas (Define Carioca) The women of Rio de Janeiro are called 'Cariocas'. They are known for being very friendly and hospitable to visitors.

# 4. More Women then Men The ratio of women to men are higher then in most other countries in the world. Especially in Rio, where it is believed there are 100 women for every 86 men.

# 5. Great surfing Beaches In Rio you have the Arpoador beach at the north end of Ipanema beach, and it's great for surfing. Brazil has many great beaches for surfing such as Florianopolis in the state of Santa Catarina and the island of Fernando de Noronha, located off the northeast coast of Recife.

# 6. Brazilian Bikini Babes millions of young Brazilian women love to sport bikinis — and with warm weather all year long, trust me you will not miss seeing them in winter coats.

# 7. Median age in the late 20's According to indexmundi, the median age in Brazil as of 2008 is 29. This is much lower then most European countries (late 30's), United States (late 30's) and Japan (40). This means more younger sexy ladies!

# 8.Fitness Culture: most women are thin or fit It only takes one trip to Rio, Sao Paolo, Recife or any other Brazilian city to realize that in Brazilian culture the women — and men have a keen interest to stay in shape . Thousand of young ladies work out on the beaches every day.

# 9. Small percentage of obesity in Brazil Because of a culture of fitness and health conciseness, most Brazilian women are in good shape and are not obese. Brazil does not have an obesity crisis like the United States, Australia, England and some other Western European countries. How can a young Brazilian woman where a bikini if ​​she is obese? I guess the bikini craze keeps the pressure on them!

# 10. Brazilian women love foreign men! If you are North American, German, British, Australian, Japanese — or from any other Western European country, then Brazilian women will love you. They have a thing for foreign guys — most Brazilian women are fed up with Brazilian guy's reputation of 'players' — but can you blame these guys? With such nice ratios of women to men and numerous hot young ladies to go around, it's very easy to fall to temptation!

# 11. Great place to learn Portuguese If you want to practice some Portuguese, then this is a great place to start. Be sure to practice some basic phrases before you come! You will have plenty of women to practice with trust me.

# 12. Brazilian women are fun to be with Most Brazilian women are very fun and know how to have a good time. In there culture it's all about the carnival and having a good time, dancing and just living life to the fullest

# 13. Brazilian women are friendly and hospitable In comparison to American and some Western European countries, the women in Brazil are much friendlier and approachable. You can easily make new friends with young sexy Brazilian girls — just by being sincere, and they will make you feel at home very quickly.

# 14. Great food Brazilian food is very good. Be sure to go to a 'churrascaria' while your down there. The 'Frango Asado' is a good dish, it's barbecue chicken with rice and fries. Very good.

#15th. Ipanema Beach The other great beach in Rio along Copacabana. Ipanema Beach is also one of the safest areas in Rio, giving you yet another reason to stay here. Plenty of young ladies to check out.

# 16. Great weather all year round The average weather in Brazil fluctuates around 70's to 80's degrees all year long. For example, the average annual temperature in Rio De Janeiro is 73.5.

# 17. Help Disco Almost half of the girls you will meet here are working girls. Either way, it's a great way to warm up with the local ladies.

# 18. Club Six in Rio – A very popular nightclub in the Ipenema section of Rio. A great place to have some drinks while enjoying all kinds of music, including dance music, hip-hop, etc. Plenty of women to talk to.

# 19. World famous Topless beaches Copacabana and Ipanema have great nude beaches. Do not forget the sunglasses!

# 20. Lots of single attractive women who are not committed Unlike many other countries, Brazil is full of attractive single women who are not committed. Many are having a hard time finding a normal, down to Earth guy who is not married.

# 21. Friendly Brazilian culture In Brazil it is culturally accepted to treat everyone, especially foreigners — with great hospitality. A smile and a friendly greeting is very common from strangers. Not like in NYC!

# 22. Variety of women from mullata to blonds You can find all sorts of women in Brazil. To date, there are roughly 11,714,000 people in the Rio De Janeiro metropolitan area. Out of these, 53.6% are white, 33.6% are brown, 12.3% are black, and 5.% are Asian or Amerindian. This means you have plenty of different shades of women to choose from!

# 23. Great soccer games If you like soccer, then you will be in the right place. There are many soccer games to go to.

# 24. The Maracana Stadium is the most popular stadium in Brazil. It's located in Rio and the local clubs Flamengo and Botafogo play here.

# 25. Open sexual culture Unlike women from many other countries, in Brazil sex is embroidered openly — it's considered the national pastime!

# 26. Brazilian women enjoy sex and are very sensual Great news guys! In Brazil sex is not used as a bargaining chip by the local women like in other countries. In Brazil sex is used to make love!

# 27. Stable Government, Stable political climate The Brazilian government is experiencing a period of political stability. President Lula Da Silva has won the faith of the people and it's showing.

# 28. Improving economic situation – Compared to other Latin American countries, Brazil is experiencing a period of unprecedented economic growth and investment.

# 29. One of the easiest places on Earth to find an attractive girlfriend It's the most populated Christian country in the world that has a high quality female to male ratio. Indonesia is an Islamic country.

# 30. Pay for play is always an option, especially in Rio There are many popular places in Rio where you can find plenty of young hot working girls. Help Disco is one of them.

# 31. Hot Brazilian girls will flirt with you Hot Brazilian girls, from working girls, university students, professional ladies, to traditional ladies, they all flirt with you!

# 32. No game needed, the sexy Brazilian girls will do all of the seducing They have no choice. Remember, in Brazil there are more women then men. This means the women have to compete over the fewer guys — like you!

# 33. Beach soccer: A great way to work out and have fun also. Many women play soccer also, making it even more enjoyable.

# 34. Brazilian thongs and bundhas World Famous "Dental Floss" thongs, very popular and very sexy. You will not find these in NYC, Dublin or London! Have fun!

# 35. The Euro, Pound and Dollar are stronger then the Real (the Brazilian currency) Your currency is stronger. This means while in Brazil most local goods will be much cheaper for you. Especially the Euro and Pound, you guys will live like Kings!

# 36. Brazilian culture is one of the most open minded in all of the Americas and the World – Due to a history of mass cultural absorption by Portuguese, Indigenous, African, Japanese, German, Italian, Spanish and many other ethnicities, Brazilian culture has evolved into a very diverse, 'everyone get along' culture.

# 37. Brazilian women love to dance The local ladies are known for having a great time, especially on the dance floor. This is one reason they stay in such great shape.

# 38. The exotic culture, women, and feel – Brazil is being discovered as the world's most exciting destination and the local Brazilian people are vibrant and the nightlife is simply extraordinary.

# 39. The drums in Pelourinho – Salvador has some of the best nightlife in Brazil. Pelourinho explodes with music and people and activity search harder and on any given night in Pelourinho you could probably score scores of groups playing. Many of these concerts are free.

# 40. The tan – Beach life is considered a normal part of Brazilian culture and a major attraction for tourists and foreign investors.

# 41. New Years party on the beach Rio de Janeiro has the largest new year's celebration worldwide — well over 3 million people every year go to Copacabana.

# 42. The Caipirinha's Brazil's most popular cocktail drink — so popular that even in Miami and NYC people enjoy it. It is delicious and potent!

# 43. The view from Corcovado – Corcovado (Christ the redeemer) is one of the best-known landmarks in Rio and it is definitely the best view in Brazil. Recommended for one of the seven wonders of the world, you can see all of Rio benefit you.

# 44. Sugar loaf mountain around 600 million years ago mother nature's formed a natural wonder, called Pao de Acucar or Sugar Loaf. Today it's one of the most recognized and thought after tourist attractions in Rio.

# 45. Botafogo Bay (Rio) – Botafogo is a beautiful beachfront neighborhood (bairro) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Botafogo's beach is within Guanabara Bay and it's also home to two of the city's largest shopping centers, Botafogo Praia Shopping and RioSul.

# 46. The halls filled with beautiful Brazilian ladies Botafogo Praia Shopping Mall and RioSul Shopping Mall are just two of the many halls filled with beautiful young ladies in Rio. This is a great place to get a few emails and make a few dates!

# 47. Ipanema Beach – Ipanema is a neighborhood located on the southern region of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, near Copacabana beach. It is a sunbather's paradise filled with thousands of young beautiful women wearing Dental Floss bikinis. Ipanema is also considered as one of the safest districts in Rio.

# 48. Bello Horizonte (means "beautiful horizon" in Portuguese) – The capital of Minas Gerais state, located in the southeast region of Brazil and with a population of 5.3 million it also has the third largest metropolitan area in the country. The city offers interesting leisure areas and it's known for a traditional characteristic: regional hospitality.

# 49. Bahia – one of the 26 states of Brazil located in the northeastern part of the country on the Atlantic coast. It is also the fourth most popular Brazilian state after São Paulo, Minas Gerais. It is also one of the most important states in terms of history and culture. Bahia's capital is the city of Salvador (São Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos). Salvador is known for having world class beaches for surfing.

# 50. Minas Gerais – one of the 26 states of Brazil and also the second most populated with 19,522,000 people. The capital is the city of Belo Horizonte. In Tourist attractions are Monte Verde and the national parks of Ibitipoca and Aiuruoca. You also have the Sete Lagoas, Cordisburgo and Lagoa Santa, and waterfalls which attract many tourists.

# 51. Recife – the fifth largest Metropolitan area in Brazil with a population of 3,646,204. The capital of the state is the city of Pernambuco. It is also known as the Brazilian Venice thanks primarily to its resemblance with the European city. Recife is considered one of Brazil's cultural capitals.

# 52. Fortaleza – Fortaleza is the state capital of Ceará, located in northeastern Brazil, and has a population of over 3.4 million (in the metropolitan region). Nightlife in Fortaleza is filled with energy and excitement, local nightclubs and discos open every day of the week.

# 53. Florianopolis (nicknamed Floripa) – The capital city of Santa Catarina State in southern Brazil. It is composed of one main island, the Island of Santa Catarina. It has a population of 406,564 while the metropolitan area has an estimated population of 821,552. The city has 42 pristine beaches and is a center of surfing activity, considered by many Brazilians as one of "the best places to live in Brazil." As a result Florianopolis is growing as a second home destination for North Americans and Europeans.

# 54. Porto Alegre (Joyous Port in Portuguese) – The 10th largest city in Brazil and also the capital city of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. The city is one of the most important cultural, political and economic centers of Southern Brazil. It is also considered to have one of the highest standard of living in all cities of the country.

# 55. Curitiba The capital city of the Brazilian state of Parana, with a population of 1.8 million — it also has the fourth best GDP ranking in all Brazil. As most of Southern Brazil's population, Curitiba is mostly owned by Brazilians of European descent. The city has the largest population and also the largest economy in Southern Brazil.

# 56. Trancoso – A small town in the municipality of Porto Seguro in the state of Bahia, Brazil, it's the perfect sunny getaway — a place to slow down and relax. There are many great beaches — one of the most popular by visitors and locals is Coconuts Beach.

# 57. Osklen Swimming trunks Here is your opportunity to sport some of the most popular Brazilian swimwear for men — and check out the ladies in bikini! This is not New York guys! In this environment everyone shows 80% of there skin every day!

# 58. Sao Paolo – The capital of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, this city is also the largest in the country and the most populated city in all South America (10,886,518 people). Located in the South East of the country, Sao Paolo is also the richest city of Brazil. Again, like Rio, there are unlimited number of blondes, brunettes, mullattas, etc.

# 59. Futsal The indoor version of soccer, 'Futsal is very popular in Brazil. Futsal is played with a smaller ball and places more emphasis on improvement, creativity and technique. It's a great way to stay in shape.

# 60. World cup champion soccer Brazil is the world cup's most successful national team, having won the prestigious tournament a record 5 times. Brazil is also the only country to have participated in every World Cup tournament.

# 61. Porto Seguro- A municipality in Southeastern Bahia, a North Eastern Brazil state and one of the oldest settlements in the country. Many Brazilians believe it is in Porto Seguro where Pedro llvares Cabral, (a Portuguese discoverer) first set foot on Brazil on April 22, 1500. An interesting note: A significant number of Bahian women have married Italian and Swiss men — and the trend continues to grow

# 62. Investing- Apart from life's pleasures, Brazil is also a great country to invest in. The Brazilian economy and importantly the rates of interest and currency are recognized as stable and supportive for foreign investment. The country is also experiencing unprecedented growth.

#63. Outdoor culture unlike many other countries where people tend to spend a lot of time indoors, in Brazil people tend to spend more time outdoors, usually with beach related activities such as surfing, swimming, beach soccer, or just working out. This means there are plenty of sexy women outdoors!

# 64. Brahma Beer a very popular Brazilian beer, originally made by the Companhia Cervejaria Brahma which was founded in 1888. It's very sensual and a great way to relax in the sun.

# 65. Daily Flights to USA and Europe More then 5 million people visit Brazil every year. There are numerous flights from USA — Europe is legally connecting with Brazil, particularly via Fortaleza with direct flights from Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Norway and others.

# 66. Great scenery and diversity One nice word to describe Brazil is diversity: a mix of cultures, food, music, dance, drinks, art, crafts, architecture and love of the sea.

# 67. The nature Covering 3.8 million hectares (9.4 million acres), Tumucumaque Mountains National Park is the world's largest tropical reserve – the same size as Belgium and about 500,000 hectares (1.23 million acres) larger than the state of Rio de Janeiro. Nature untouched !.

# 68. The Amazon Rain Forest – Brazil has the largest forest in the world in the Amazon Basin which houses 20% of the worlds living species and have 14% of the worlds renewable fresh water. Another interesting note: more than one third of all species in the world live in the Amazon Rainforest

# 69. The Amazon River – The largest river in the world by volume, with a total river flow greater than the next top ten largest rivers flowing into the ocean combined. It also has the largest drainage basin in the world, accounts for approximately 1/5 of the world's total river flow. The Amazon river has over 3,000 recognized species of fish and that number is still growing. Some estimates go as high as 5,000.

# 70. Beautiful waterfalls – Brazil is much more beautiful beaches: a trip to the southern state of Paraná reveals one of the countries most popular tourist destinations. This is a beautiful waterfall named Cataratas do Iguaçu located in the town of Foz do Iguaçu,

# 71. Lots of international food (from previous migrants and communities) – The cuisine of Brazil is very diverse and varies very by region. This diversity reflects the country's mix of native Amerindians, Portuguese, Africans, Italians, Spaniards, Germans, Poles, Syrians, Lebanese and Japanese among others. There is great variety and great food!

# 72. Lapa (Small bar / club zone in Rio, close to club Six) – The Lapa street parties are among the best of Rio nightlife and there are bars open all week as the crowds gather from around 11 am until 5 in the morning. Hundreds of thousands of sexy ladies mill up and down the street, drinking beer at street bars and just going with the flow.

# 73. Brazilian coffee – Brazil is the world's largest coffee producer. Santos Brails is the most traditional Brazil coffee, and the kind most likely to be seen in specialty store. Be sure to try some when your down there!

# 74. Salvador – a city on the northeast coast of Brazil and the capital of the Northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia. Salvador is also known as Brazil's capital of joy due to its countless popular outdoor parties, including its famous street carnivals. The first colonial capital of Brazil, the city is also one of the oldest in the country and in the New World.

# 75. Manaus – a city in the northern part of Brazil and capital of Amazonas State, it is an important center for ecological tourism. Located on the Rio Negro near its confluence with the Amazon River it is the chief port and a hub for the region's extensive river system. It is also a common point of departure for tourists visiting the Amazon region.

# 76. Belem – the second largest city of Amazonia, in the northern part of Brazil. It is the capital of the state of Pará, part of the greater Amazon River system. It is the entrance gate to the Amazon region and together with Manaus the most important city in the north of Brazil.

# 77. Goiânia – The capital and the largest city in the state of Goiás, it's also the largest city in the Central-Western Region of Brazil. With a population of nearly 1.25 million Goiânia is the twelfth largest city in Brazil.

# 78. Pao De Queijo (Cheese Bread – a famous bread from the state of Minas Gerais) – A typical Brazilian snack which is made of manioc flour and cheese — served hot. Very delicious and very popular sidekick for coffee.

# 79. Cachaca This Brazilian sugarcane liquor has become the second most popular drink in Brazil — after beer. Cachaca is distilled in such a way that the scent of sugar cane and inimitable flavor typical of rum are retained — making an enjoyable drink!

# 80. Brasilia – The capital of Brazil which borders the states of Goiás and Minas Gerais. The city and the district are located in the Central-West region of the country and has a population of about 2,455,903 making it the fourth largest city in Brazil. It is also listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

# 81. Praia do Pinho First official nude beach in Brazil's history located in the southern state of Santa Catarina. Praia do Pinho beach in Brazil is a naturists dream. It is one of very few nude beaches in the world where it is legally required to be nude!

# 82. Scuba Diving There are more beaches in Brazil. Arraial do Cabo Marine Reserve is considered the best scuba diving on the southern coast of Brazil — it's located just 2 hours by car from Rio de Janeiro. The splendid waters of Arraial do Cabo are teeming with marine life – turtles, sea horses, moray eels, colorful coral and some exotic tropical fish like the famous Holacanthus Ciliaris). For around 200 $ you can take a tour that includes Scuba equipment, bilingual guide, boat operation and a 10 hour duration.

# 83. Fishing – Peacock bass fishing in Northern Brazil (Manaus) is as good as it gets! The peacock bass is legendary in its explosive top-water strikes and bullish runs. In a class of its own, the peacock bass is one of the hardest hitting and most aggressive sport-fish — plentiful in the Amazon. The Amazon offers fishers a haven of fish life that makes fishing as fun and exciting.

# 84. Trekking- One of the most traditional backpacking trails in Brazil, a 36 kilometer (22 miles) crossing linking the two Brazilian imperial towns of Petrópolis and Teresópolis. The crossing takes 2 to 4 days, hiking through valleys, ridges and mountaintops where Atlantic rainforest vegetation is exuberant and pristine. It's located just 100 km off Rio.

# 85. Rafting – Hold on tight and experience a great adrenaline rush: rafting down the wild rapids of the Paraibuna River! The Paraibuna is located in Três Rios city, 2 hours from Rio de Janeiro by car. The Paraibuna is also a full 20 km (14 miles) of level 3 and 4 rapids so bringing a change of clothes! For around 100 $ you can enjoy up to three hours of great adventure!

# 86. Amazonia National Park This massive park covers almost 40% of Brazil's landmass including seven of Brazil's 27 states. Every year thousands of visitors come here to witness the splendor of this magnificent natural wonder. You can go bird watching here. A journey into the Amazon rainforest can be an experience of a lifetime!

# 87. Iguassua Falls The waterfalls of the Iguazu River located on the border of the Brazilian state of Paraná and the Argentine province of Misiones. The falls divide the river into the upper and lower Iguazu. It's a great once in a life time opportunity!

# 88. Brazil's Oil Boom Last year a huge offshore oil discovery in Brazil could raise the countries oil reserves by a whopping 40 percent and boost this country into the ranks of the world's major exporters. The future of Brazil looks bright indeed.

# 88. Great ecosystems – many of Brazil's plants and animals are found no where else on Earth.

# 89. Brazilian women are generally very friendly the best part of Brazil is how friendly the women are. The great weather, nice beaches, growing economy, it's all great, but without the sexy friendly women — it's all in vain!

# 90. The nice hips and bottoms Hourglass figures are very common in Brazil. How many women do you see where you live that have a nice .7 waist to hip ratio? If it's not 80% of all the women, then you need to come to Brazil!

# 91. Proximity to other great destinations for men Brazil borders many great countries for meeting women, such as: Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela!

# 91. Language close to Spanish If you learn Brazilian Portuguese, then learning Spanish will not be so difficult. These two languages ​​are cousins, so learning either one will only make it much easier to learn both!

# 92. Brazil is considered the world leader in production of Ethanol based fule Brazilian Ethanol is made from sugar cane, which is cheaper then gasoline and is much less harmful to the environment and the world.

# 93. Brazilian currency weaker then US Dollar, Euro, Pound, Yen and Australian Dollar Get more bang for your buck. In Brazil you will find much cheaper prices then you would in the United States, Western Europe, Japan, UK and Australia!

# 94. Brazil has the eighth largest economy in the world These are a lot of potentials for investment in Brazil. Many people are realizing that Brazil has great resources and is a major player in the world economy.

# 95. Political Stability Brazil has not had a major conflict as some of it's neighbors have had. It is politically stable, and is a leader in Latin America, such as the recent crisis between Colombia and Venzuela, Brazil's government led the peace and helped keep Latin America in a period of stability.

# 96. Brazil is self sufficient in Oil! Due to the leadership in Ethanol on a global scale, Brazil today produces enough oil / ethanol to run its own economy.

# 97. Brazil is not a Hurricane risk Unlike other countries such as Cuba, United States (Gulf Coast Area), Honduras and Guatemala, Brazil does not experience Hurricane risks.

# 98. Cost of living very low compared to USA and Western Europe You can live like a King in Brazil. In some places of Brazil, you can live with 30% of what it would cost you in Western Europe, USA, Japan, UK, Canada, Australia and other wealthier countries.

# 99. Real Estate in Brazil is Booming! Do not wait til it's too late. Now is the time to invest in Brazil!

# 100. Brazil is believed to be a leader in the future Many leading world economists and politicians believe that Brazil has the potential to become a world leader along with China, India and Russia.

# 101. All the young Brazilian ladies that are waiting for you! That's the icing on the cake! Remember, in Brazil there are more + women then -men = great news for you!

Source by Dan DeLa Cruz

Why We Need A Replacement Rail Tunnel At The Detroit-Windsor Crossing

Current Status:

1. The current rail tunnel under the Detroit River is 100 years old and links southwest Detroit and Southeast Ontario. It is owned and operated as an ongoing business by the Detroit River Tunnel Partnership (DRTP).

2. The DRTP consistors of Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) and Borealis Infrastructure Trust, a part of the Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System (OMERS)

3. The current rail tunnel carries over 460,000 rail cars per year

4. The Detroit / Windsor rail tunnel is a vital link between the Port of Montreal, the rest of Canada and the entire US Midwest. Canadian Pacific Railway also uses this rail tunnel to reach into the southern and southern United States as well as Mexico.

5. The existing tunnel despite excellent physical shape finds itself undersized and unable to handle today's taller rail cars

6. The existing rail tunnel has been designated as critical infrastructure by Homeland Security

The Problem:

1. Container traffic out of the Port of Montreal is expected to double in the next ten years and utilizing more and more double-stacked container cars; automotive companies are shipping vehicles and auto parts in the new, high-capacity Automax rail cars

2. The existing Detroit / Windsor rail tunnel is not tall enough to allow double-stacked container cars or Automax cars to pass through.

3. Without a replacement rail tunnel, rail service will have reduced options

4. The replacement rail tunnel will allow Detroit to become a logistics hub

5.A replacement rail tunnel will enhance economic rail freight shipping through the Midwest and the South.

The Solution:

1. The Detroit River Tunnel Partnership (DRTP) would like to build a replacement rail tunnel near the existing rail tunnel

2. The replacement rail tunnel will bring the following to the Detroit / Windsor region:

1. Over 1,700 jobs

2. Over $ 600 million in investment

3. It will bring more rail freight to the region

4. It will help save current and future jobs

Internal Diameter

27.5 ft. (8.4 m)

Tunnel Length

9,334 ft. (2,845 m)

Sub-River Length

2,640 ft. (750 m)

Maximum Grade


Lining Thickness

1.6 ft. (0.5 m)

River Depth

49.2 ft. (15 m)

Minimum Cover – River

18 ft. (5.5 m)

Minimum Cover – Land

13.1 ft. (4 m)

Operating Speed

50 mph (80 kph)

5. Replacement Rail Tunnel Specs

It will be the first transport infrastructure in over 75 years at this border crossing

6. The DRTP has completed engineering to ensure the viability of this project

7. Some of the support the relocation rail tunnel includes: MDOT, Detroit Renaissance, the Detroit Regional Chamber, Wayne County Executive Robert Ficano, Senator Debbie Stabenow, Teamsters President James P. Hoffa, the UAW and many other government, business and labor leaders

8. The replacement rail tunnel can be completed in less than four years

Source by Sam Knapp

Travel Europe by Plane, Train, Bus Or Car – It's Easy

Map out your trip – travel Europe by train, plane, bus or rent a car. This saves you time and money. If you are on a budget, compare prices against train, plane or bus. Check departure, arrival times and length of travel.

By train

Travel Europe by train is still the most popular way to go around. If your life's motto is to travel light, this is a great way to get to your favorite cities! Find out how many countries you will be visiting. There are certain types of train fares to match your needs. Do you travel during the day when you can admire the scenery? Or at night, while you sleep it out and wake up at your new destination, saving you one night's stay at a hotel? Travel Europe the way Europeans do! Mix in with the locals. One piece of advise, as back home, please keep your marriages close to you, particularly in the larger cities such as Rome.

I've traveled around Europe alone. And for women traveling alone, Europe can be pretty safe. I've never had the need to travel at night as I do prefer sleeping in a warm comfy bed. 🙂 While traveling, bring along your drinks. Most train stations have stores and kiosks. It's hard to be thirsty on board and praying for that guy selling the snacks to show up!

Eurorail or eurail passes can only be purchased while you are still outside Europe. There are special passes depending on the length of your stay, how many times you will be traveling and how many countries you will be seeing. This is well despite if you are covering a few cities at a time, it is best just to purchase point-to-point tickets. During these cases, I buy mine on the spot.

A green way to travel around the UK: Get around on the Virgin train! They've got rates from as low as GBP 12.50 one way. And if you book early, they have great deals for first class. First class and saving the environment, what a great combination.

By plane

With people wanting to get to their destination faster and cheaper, European regional airlines come up with promo flights sometimes even cheaper than train fare! Wow! That's a great way to travel Europe! So instead of traveling overnight on a train, you can choose to fly! There are lots of cheap airlines out there to make us female travelers happy!

British Midland flies from London to several European cities. My Paris to London flight with a group was delayed but the service made up for it. After that delay, I still fly British Midland.

I've also tried easyjet from Dortmund to Rome Ciampino and Jet2 from Leeds to Amsterdam Schiphol. These are low budget airlines. If I booked fast enough, I could have gotten my Leeds to Amsterdam fare for only GBP 1 (excluding taxes)!

Flying within Italy? Try out My Air. They also fly to several international cities within Europe.

Be aware that you pay for the drinks and snacks on board so make sure you have coins or small bills ready. The flights left on time and in about an hour, you're in your destination!

On the other hand, there is also a possibility of renting a private jet. Check out Net Jets Europe if you do not want to wait for flights (like the rest of us mortals).

By car

If you're the type who loves driving during your vacation and consider map reading a stress-free hobby, then go ahead and rent a car! Driving in Europe is a breeze … that's what Jan (my hubby) says … I can not say the same because I do not know how to drive!

By bus

Europe bus travel is an alternative to going around by train. It's simple. Hop on, hop off. Coaches are now turning ultra modern. The ride is as smooth as when you're on board a plane! Bus ride's your thing the next time you travel Europe? There are several bus companies to choose from.

I traveled on Eurolines' Amsterdam to Paris drive. We left Amstel Station at about 8pm and arrived in Paris at 6am. There are several toilet stops throughout the night and because the seats were comfortable, I felt pretty much OK on arrival.

National Express is a UK coach operator that goes to about a thousand places in the United Kingdom and to popular destinations in Europe (with Eurolines) as far as Moscow and St. Petersburg. Petersburg! There are some really great offers so you might just get a chance on a great deal. The trip may take longer than a train but you will not worry about your luggage since all luggage are stored underneath the coach.

By private coach

The best in land travel, you and your friends and family have the privacy of your very own coach! Plan out your itinerary and have your very own professional driver take you around the contributor for the entire duration of the trip. The latest family group I had decided to travel Europe (well, Italy and France) in the comfort and security of their very own deluxe coach, a big plus in their vacation! The kids claimed the back seats to chat all day long and their parents stayed in front enjoying the view!

By ferry

This is a great alternative for those who easily get bored. You get to do different activities on board the ferry so there is never a dull moment while you travel Europe on your own.

Source by Mica Kerkdijk

Business Traveler Flying to London? A London City Guide for Getting to the Center

London. The vibrant, beating heart of the United Kingdom. It's one of the world's most popular destinations for tourists, and for business travelers too. The amount of commerce that goes through London is staggering, with a financial center second only to New York, and service industries that cater for both the UK, European and international markets. As the world's most multicultural city – there are over 300 languages ​​spoken by a population of over eight million people (twelve million if you include the metropolitan area) – the opportunities for business are clear.

With the UK strategically positioned for the business traveler on the western edge of Europe, London is a global hub for air travel, providing easy access to mainland Europe, and a stepping stone to the United States. Primarily served by five airports – Heathrow, Gatwick, City, Stansted and Luton – London is easily reached from anywhere in the world. But with the exception of London City Airport – smallest of the five and located in East London, close to the business district of Canary Wharf – the other four airports are satellites even scattered around the city. The most popular, Heathrow, is located to the west of London; Gatwick is located to the south; Stansted to the north east; and Luton to the North West. Knowing this before you make your travel plans can be useful. Since the greater metropolitan area of ​​London covers over 1,000 square miles, your final business destination may not be right in the center. Researching which airport is closest to your destination can save you time, effort and money.

However, whether you're a business traveler flying from within the UK or from overseas, your starting destination may often determine the airport you arrive at. Other factors, such as your chosen time of travel, budget and availability will also make a difference. For example, if you're traveling with a major international carrier from a major city, such as New York, the chances are you'll arrive at Heathrow or Gatwick (Stansted also receives flights from New York but is the smallest of the three) . If you're traveling locally from within the UK with a budget carrier you're more likely to arrive at Stansted or Luton (though not exclusively). And if you're traveling from a major European city, particularly a financial capital, such as Frankfurt, London City Airport is a relatively arrival point (the airport was specifically created to cater for short haul business travelers, particularly between financial centers).

Each airport is served by comprehensive rail and road infrastructure, providing business travelers with a variety of options to enter London. All five airports offer direct rail travel into the heart of Central London, coach travel to the main Victoria terminus, and hire car, mini-bus, licensed black cab and taxi services by road. If you're a VIP business traveler, chauffeur services are also available, and with the exception of London City Airport, each also offer direct helicopter transfer into the heart of the city.

London Heathrow Airport

The busiest of the five airports is London Heathrow. Located less than twenty miles from central London, Heathrow is situated to the west of the city within the M25 motorway metropolitan boundary. The fastest route into London is via the Heathrow Express train service, taking just 15 minutes from terminals 1, 2 and 3 to Paddington station (located on the western side of Central London). If your flight arrives at either terminal 4 or 5 it's a further four and six minutes travel time accordingly, and you'll need to transfer on to the main London-bound service at terminals 1, 2 and 3.

The service is excellent, offering comfort and convenience, but does not always suite everyone's travel budget. The standard 'Express' single journey ticket costs £ 21.00 (€ 25.00 / $ 35.00), but business travelers can get better value when purchasing a return ticket, priced at £ 34.00 (€ 40.00 / $ 56.00). The 'Business First' ticket is more expensive, with singles costing £ 29.00 (€ 35.00 / $ 48.00) and returns £ 52.00 (€ 62.00 / $ 86.00), but it does benefit business travelers significantly more leg room, the privacy of a 'single seating 'layout, and a fold out table. The experience is akin to that of air travel. All passengers across both pricing structures enjoy access to electrical sockets, USB ports and free Wi-Fi. The overall quality of service and passenger experience generates a 'wow' factor, and if your budget can afford it, it is certainly the smoothest, quickest and most convenient way to travel into London from Heathrow. Trains run regularly every fifteen minutes in both directions, particularly useful for last minute dashes to the airport.

There are two further rail options available to business travelers, both considerably less expensive, although this is reflected in the quality of service. That's not to say either is not a good solution for business travelers, just that there is a noticeable difference in convenience and comfort.

With a service typically running every thirty minutes, and a journey duration – depending on the time of day – of between 23 and 27 minutes from terminals 1, 2 and 3, Heathrow Connect is more than adequate for business travelers who are not in a hurry . Like the rival Express service, Connect also arrives at Paddington station, but unlike its faster rival stops at up to five other stations before reaching its terminus. The 'inconvenience' of this less direct journey is compensated for by a considerably less expensive ticket price. Single journey's cost £ 9.90 (€ 12.00 / $ 16.00) while a return is £ 19.80 (€ 24.00 / $ 32.00). There is no saving to be made from purchasing a return ticket. While the convenience and comfort of the traveller experience can not match the Express, the Connect business travel solution is an acceptable compromise that suits a greater number of travel budgets.

The third – and least expensive – rail option is the London Underground 'tube' network. After the network's name the majority of the journey from Heathrow is overground, until the business traveler nears Central London. Starting on the Piccadilly Line, the service connotes all five Heathrow terminals and provides frequent trains into London, stopping at a reasonable amount of emerging stations before arriving in the capital's center. This continuously 'interrupted' journey – there are seventeen stops between Heathrow terminals 1, 2 and 3 and Paddington Tube station (the nearest equivalent tube terminus for a fair comparison) – and takes approximately fifty minutes journey time on average, probably slower than its more direct rivals. This journey comparison also requires the inconvenience of a transfer between lines.

So why would the business traveler consider using the tube from Heathrow to Central London? Simple. The frequency of service, the array of destinations, and the cost. At a cash price of just £ 5.70 (€ 6.80 / $ 9.50) for a single journey in either direction during peak hours (06:30 am to 09:30 am), financially the underground is an attractive option. At nearly half the price of the Heathrow Connect, and at just over a quarter of the price of the Heathrow Express, this service is comparatively good value for money. Further value can be found if the business traveler buys an 'Oyster Card', the 'cashless' electronic ticketing system recognized by so many Londoners. Available to purchase at Heathrow London Underground stations, this useful option allows you to get tickets cheaper than for cash – in this case a reduction to just £ 5.00 (€ 6.00 / $ 8.30). Off-peak travel with an Oyster Card offers even greater value, with Heathrow to Paddington in either direction costing just £ 3.00 (€ 3.60 / $ 5.00) per journey. The Oyster Card can also be used for unlimited travel on buses and trains through London, with a maximum daily spend capped at £ 17.00 (peak time and just £ 8.90) off-peak for a six (£ 20.00 / $ 28.00) zone ticket (destinations across London are divided into six main zonal rings. Traveling from Heathrow to Central London crosses all six zones).

The Underground is primarily a city-wide mass transit system, rather than a 'train' service. As such the level of comfort and convenience is substantially less than that of both the Heathrow Express and Connect services, and at peak hours can be considered uncomfortable. Having endured a recent flight, business travelers who choose this option run the risk of having to stand up the entire journey if traveling during peak hours. If the carriage is full to squeezing point (as is often the case at peak time) managing your luggage can be a challenge. It should also be noted that the tube network – which, as the world's first urban mass-transit system is over 150 years old – is often prone to signal failures and delays. If the time between your arrival at Heathrow (do not forget to factor in clearing immigration control, luggage collection and customs) and your business appointment is tight, particularly during peak hours, it is not unfair to say that you are taking a risk if you choose to use the Underground.

Compared to using rail, traveling by road into Central London is far less convenient. Like every major city around the world, traffic congestion plagues the streets of London. The M4 and A4 route from Heathrow into London is always busy and in parts can be slow moving at times. No matter what your method of road transport, the business traveler is vulnerable to the risk of delays and accidents.

Buses and coaches are plentiful. The dominant carrier is called National Express. They operate services between Heathrow Airport and London Victoria, the main coach terminus in London. From here travelers can travel to many other destinations around the UK. The coaches run from Heathrow Airport Central Bus Station, which is located between terminals 1, 2 and 3. Its well sign posted so easily found. If you're arriving at terminals 4 or 5 you'll need to first take the Heathrow Connect train to the central bus station. From Victoria Station you can get to any other part of London with ease, via the Underground, plentiful buses, local trains and licensed black cabs / minicab taxi services.

A single journey tickets start from £ 6.00 (€ 7.20 / $ 10.00), while returns cost £ 11.00 (€ 13.20 / $ 18.00). Although you can purchase your ticket at Heathrow, it is advisable to do so in advance, and online. This will ensure you have a guaranteed, reserved seat on your coach of choice, and also provide you with the opportunity to select a time of departure and / or return that best suits your needs. Typically this service runs three coaches per hour to and from London Victoria coach station. The journey time can vary, dependent on the route taken, the time of day and traffic conditions, but you can typically expect your journey to take between 40 and 90 minutes.

National Express also offers business travelers a Heathrow hotel transfer service to and from the airport, known as the Heathrow Hoppa. With hundreds of services each day running around the clock, it's a clean, comfortable and affordable way to get about, costing £ 4.00 (€ 4.80 / $ 6.60) for single journey and £ 7.00 (€ 8.40 / $ 11.50) for a return journey. This service is particularly useful if your business appointment is located close to Heathrow and you have no need to travel into Central London.

An alternative to coach travel is taking a bus. This can be particularly useful if you arrive at Heathrow late at night. Depending on the day of the week, the N9 night bus runs approximately every 20 minutes to Trafalgar Square in Central London, from 11.30pm to 5am. The journey time is approximately 75 minutes, subject to traffic offers. It's a very affordable service, and as part of the Transport for London infrastructure a single journey can be paid for an Oyster Card (£ 1.40 (€ 1.70 / $ 2.30) or by cash (£ 2.40 (€ 2.90 / $ 4.00).

If your journey into London requires the freedom to choose to travel whenever you want, to wherever you want, or you simply require privacy, then private hire transport is available available at Heathrow. If you're just interested in getting from A to B and back again, without any other journeys in between, taking a licensed black cab or minicab taxi may suit your needs. Traveling in an iconic licensed black cab into Central London will take approximately 45-60 minutes, subject to traffic delays, and can typically cost between £ 50.00 (€ 60.00 / $ 83.00) and £ 80.00 (€ 96.00 / $ 132.00). If you do find yourself delayed in traffic the journey will cost more, since black cab meters also charge for waiting time when not moving. Black cabs are available available at all hours, and good sign posting at Heathrow means they're easy to find. At a squeeze up to five business travelers can be accommodated, though if you all have large luggage it will be a problem.

An alternative private hire to black cabs are licensed taxi services. This could be a better option for the business traveler, particularly if a number of people with luggage are traveling together. An array of vehicle types are available, ranging from standard 4/5 seater saloon and 6/7 passenger people carrier cars, up to 15 or 17 seater minibuses and even coach taxis. An added advantage is you can book your vehicle of choice in advance and at a fixed price. With so many different companies offering these services, prices – and quality of service – can vary, but typically for a single journey the business traveler can expect to pay a fixed, advance price of £ 40.00 (a $ 48.00 / $ 66.00) for a saloon car ; £ 50.00 (€ 60.00 / $ 83.00) for an estate car; £ 55.00 (€ 66.00 / $ 90.00) for an executive car; £ 55.00 (€ 66.00 / $ 90.00) for a people carrier; £ 65.00 (€ 78.00 / $ 108.00) for an 8 seater minibus; £ 80.00 (€ 96.00 / $ 132.00) for an executive people carrier; and £ 165.00 (€ 198.00 / $ 272.00) for a 16 seater minibus. Savings can be made on all tariffs if a return journey is booked in advance.

Traveling by black cab or licensed tax affords the business traveler the freedom to travel at his or her own pace, and can take the hassle out of a journey. It can be a very relaxing way to commute from the airport into London, particularly after a long flight, and the business traveler offers an opportunity to unwind prior to their business appointment.

If you need to arrange senior executive or VIP transportation, chauffeur driven services are available available (booked in advance) between Heathrow and London. The vehicle type and the length of time you require it for will dictate the price you'll pay. Chauffeur driven services are available available to find online. The same is true of helicopter charter services which can transfer the executive business traveler from Heathrow into Central London (Battersea Heliport) in approximately 15 minutes. Flightline Travel Management is experienced at providing our customers with both modes of transport, and we're happy to take your inquiry.

© Copyright Flightline Travel Management Ltd. All rights reserved.

All prices correct at time of publication.

Source by Tina G.